Current Affairs

30 September, 2021

International

4th Indo-US Health Dialogue : India, USA sign two MoUs to improve medical facilities

India, US signs two MoUs during the two-day 4th Indo-US Health Dialogue 2021 hosted by India. Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare Mansukh Mandaviya addressed the closing session of Indo-US Health Dialogue.

Memorandum of Understandings (MoUs)

India’s Health & Family Welfare Ministry and USA’s Department of Health and Human Services signed a MoU for cooperation in the field of Health and Biomedical sciences.

Another MoU was signed between Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) & National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) for cooperation with the International Centre for Excellence in Research (ICER).

About ICMR
It stands for Indian Council of Medical Research
Headquarters: New Delhi, India
Director General: Balram Bhargava
About NIAID
It stands for National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Headquarters: Maryland, United States
Director: Anthony S. Fauci

India, US sign Mutual Recognition Agreement for Faster Export Clearance

The chairman of Central Board of Indirect Taxes (CBIC), M Ajit Kumar and Acting Commissioner of United States (US) Customs & Border Protection, the Department of Homeland Security, Troy Miller signed a Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) to recognise each other as Authorised Economic Operators(AEO).
Benefits of MRA agreement
i.This agreement would enhance the export of both the countries and provide faster clearances through customs procedures.
ii.It will also boost the supply chain security and trade facilitation.
About CBIC (Central Board of Indirect Taxes)
i.It works under the Department of Revenue, Finance Ministry, Government of India. CBIC is a statutory body established under the Central Boards of Revenue Act, 1963.
ii.It engages in policy formulation of matters concerned with the levy and collection of central excise duties, customs, central goods and services tax and IGST, administration of these taxes, prevention of smuggling and also narcotics to the extent prescribed.
iii.The CBIC was previously known as the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC).
About US (United States)
President-Joe Biden
Currency- United States dollars
Capital- Washington DC

National

Home Minister Amit Shah unveils Aapda Mitra and Common Alert Protocol, initiatives of NDMA

Union Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Cooperation Amit Shah attended the 17th Foundation Day celebrations of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) as the chief guest in New Delhi. The theme for 2021 was ‘Stopping Impact of Disaster Incidents in the Himalayan Region’.

During the event, he released the training manual of Aapda Mitra Scheme and documents of Aapda Mitra and Common Alerting Protocol scheme. The two new initiatives launched by NDMA – Aapda Mitra and Common Alert Protocol.

Aapda Mitra Scheme aims to provide the community volunteers with the skills so they would immediately respond to their community’s needs in the aftermath of a disaster and also provides the basic relief training and rescue tasks during emergency situations such as floods, flash-floods and urban flooding.

National Action Plan for dog Mediated Rabies Elimination by 2030

i.e. on the occasion of World Rabies Day, the Central Government has launched a National Action Plan for dog Mediated Rabies Elimination by 2030 (NAPRE) for the elimination of dog mediated rabies by 2030.

It was unveiled by Union Minister Mansukh Mandaviya, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW) and Parshottam Rupala, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying (MoFAHD)

The action for the same has been drafted by the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) in consultation with FAHD.
Other Participants:
Ministers of State (MoS) Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar, MoH&FW; and Sanjeev Kumar Balyan, MoFAHD, among others

Govt Notified “Promotion of Medical Device Parks” Scheme to Promote Medical Device Parks

The Government of India notified the “Promotion of Medical Device Parks” scheme, a scheme to support the medical devices industry and to promote medical device parks across India. The financial outlay of the scheme is Rs 400 crore and its tenure is from the financial year 2020-2021 to 2024-2025.
Aim: To ensure access to testing and infrastructure facilities and to reduce the cost of medical device production and make them affordable for domestic consumption. The centre has granted the in-principle approval for Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Financial assistance for a park would be 70% of the project cost and for Northeastern and Hilly states it will be 90%. The maximum financial assistance for a park under the scheme is Rs 100 crore.

MoHUA launched convergence of PMFME & DAY-NULM to support Food Processing Units of Urban SHGs

i.The Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) organised the launch event of the convergence between Prime Minister Formalisation of Micro-food processing Enterprises (PMFME) and Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) scheme.
ii.It was jointly launched by Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, MoHUA; and Pushpa Subrahmanyam, Secretary, Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) during a virtual event organized as a part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav (AKAM).
iii.The online Seed Capital Module developed on DAY-NULM MIS (management information system) was also launched to help in effective implementation of this convergence.
About Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA):
Union Minister– Hardeep Singh Puri (Constituency- Uttar Pradesh)
Minister of State (MoS)– Kaushal Kishore (Constituency- Mohanlalganj, Uttar Pradesh)

Economy

J&K Bank Received Rs 500 crore Capital from J&K Govt

Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Bank today received Rs 500 Cr as capital from the Government of Union Territory (UT) of J&K, through which the UT will acquire over 16.76 crore shares (6.06 percent) in the Bank. With the infusion of Rs 500 Cr, the J&K government’s equity share in the J&K Bank will increase to over 74 percent. In September, 2021, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recently allowed the J&K government to acquire over 16.76 crore shares in the Bank on a preferential basis.

About Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Bank:
Establishment – 1938
Headquarters – Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir
Chairman & Managing Director – Rajesh Kumar Chhibber
Tagline – Serving to empower

LIC Tie-up with DoP for Print to Post Solution

the Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India made an agreement with the Department of Posts (DoP) for availing of the ‘Print to Post’ solution. The Print to Post, which is an end-to-end solution provided by the Department of Post will be useful for LIC for printing and dispatching the policy booklet issued under a life insurance policy. The solution would reduce the turnaround time under the issuance of policy documents and enhance the customer experience.

Department of Posts (DoP):
i.It comes under the Ministry of Communications. India has been divided into 23 postal circles along with another Circle, named Base Circle, to cater to the postal communication needs of the Armed Forces.
ii.With more than 1,55,000 post offices, the DoP has the most widely distributed postal network in the world.
iii.The DoP acts as an agent for the Government of India for other services such as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), wage disbursement and old age pension payments.
About Department of Posts (DoP):
Headquarters – New Delhi, Delhi
Secretary – Vineet Pandey
Director General – Alok Sharma ​
About Life Insurance Corporation (LIC)of India:
Establishment – 1956
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Chairman – M R Kumar

GoI Decided to Borrow Rs 5.3 lakh crore in H2 FY22

The Government of India (GoI), in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), has decided to borrow Rs 5.3 lakh crore for the second half (H2) of FY22 i.e (October 2021 to March 2022) to fund the revenue gap for reviving the economy (affected by COVID-19). Under the budget for 2021-22, the government’s gross borrowing for FY22 was estimated to be Rs 12.05 lakh crore along with net borrowing of Rs 9.37 crore. The Government in consultation with the RBI borrowed Rs 7.02 lakh crore for H1 FY22 by issuing bonds. Now the govt plans to borrow the remaining Rs 5.3 lakh crore. To handle the temporary mismatches in Government accounts, the Reserve Bank of India has fixed the Ways and Mean Advance (WMA) limit for H2 2022 at Rs 50,000 crore. To handle the temporary mismatches in Government accounts, the Reserve Bank of India has fixed the Ways and Mean Advance (WMA) limit for H2 2022 at Rs 50,000 crore.

About Ministry of Finance
Union Minister – Nirmala Sitharaman (Karnataka)
Minister of State (MoS) – Pankaj Chaoudhary (Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh), Bhagwat Kishanrao Karad (Constituency – Maharashtra)

NABARD Approved Credit Plan for Yak Husbandry in Arunachal Pradesh

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has approved a credit plan for yak husbandry in Arunachal Pradesh to support the herders to secure loans and strengthen their livelihoods.

About Arunachal Pradesh:
Governor – Brigadier B. D. Mishra
Wildlife Sanctuary – Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary, D’Ering Memorial (Lali) Wildlife Sanctuary, Kane Wildlife Sanctuary
Zoological Park – Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park

Sports

Motto for Beijing Olympics Revealed

The Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics unveiled its reputable motto, “Together for a Shared Future”, at a ceremony at the city’s Capital Museum. Highlights: The motto was chosen after a lengthy technique that protected a total of 79 unique proposals.

Lewis Hamilton: First F1 driver to win 100 Grands Prix

Lewis Hamilton has become the first ever Formula-one driver who reached to his 100 wins after finishing at first in the Russian Grand Prix on September 26, 2021. Key Points Lewis Hamilton, the seven-time World Champion, overtook the long-time race leader Lando Norris late on. Norris, was aiming for a maiden Grand Prix victory.

Miscellaneous

Pratham CEO Dr Rukmini Banerji & Stanford Prof Eric A. Hanushek won 2021 Yidan Prize

Dr Rukmini Banerji, Chief Executive Officer(CEO) of Pratham Education Foundation, India and Eric A. Hanushek, professor at Stanford University, has been awarded the 2021 Yidan Prize, the world’s highest education accolade, recognising their work on improving the quality of education and outcomes for learners at scale. Dr Rukmini Banerji has been honoured with the 2021 Yidan Prize for Education Development for her work in improving children’s learning outcomes. Professor Eric A. Hanushek has been honoured with the 2021 Yidan Prize for Education Research for his works focused on education outcomes and the importance of teaching quality and has transformed both research and policy internationally.

About Yidan Prize:
i.The Yidan Prize was founded in 2016 by Dr Charles Chen Yidan in the belief that education promotes well-being.
ii.The prize recognizes the individuals or a team (not more than 3 members), contributing to education in 2 categories, Yidan Prize for Education Research Yidan Prize for Education Development

iii.Each prize carries a cash prize of 30 million HKD(Hong Kong Dollar)(around Rs 28 crore).

Assam’s Binoy Kumar Saikia won Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology 2021

Binoy Kumar Saikia, a senior scientist at CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology (CSIR-NEIST), Jorhat, Assam, has won the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (SSB) for Science and Technology 2021 for his pioneering research in the field of coal and energy. He won the award given by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) under Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary Sciences category. The names of the 11 recipients of the awards were announced on 26th September, the 80th foundation day of CSIR.

Dr Jeemon Panniyammakal of AMCHSS won SSB prize 2021 under Medical Sciences:
Dr Jeemon Panniyammakal, Associate professor of Epidemiology, The Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies (AMCHSS), Kerala won the SSB Prize for Science and Technology 2021 for his research in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in India. He won the award under the Medical Science category. The SSB prizes are presented under 7 categories each carrying a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh.

About Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR):
CSIR has a network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Complexes, and five units with a pan-India presence.
President– Narendra Modi(Prime Minister)
Director-General– Dr Shekhar C. Mande
Headquarters– New Delhi

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