Current Affairs

28 May, 2021

International

UN Bodies set up ‘One Health’ Panel to Advise on Animal Disease Risks

United Nation (UN) bodies viz, the World Health Organization(WHO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) formed a team of experts under ‘One Health High-Level Expert Panel’ to help develop a global plan of action to prevent the spread of diseases from animals to humans. WHO stated animals(wildlife) as the originating source of three-quarters of all emerging infectious diseases in the world.
Background: ‘The One Health High-Level Expert Panel’ initiative was launched by Germany and France in 2020 in the backdrop of the outbreak of COVID-19. The first meeting of the panel was held in May 2021. The panel will publish its first recommendations later in 2021.
About World Health Organization (WHO):
Director-General – Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland

Global Average Temperature could pass 1.5° C during 2021-25: WMO, UK Met Office

According to the Annual Climate Update provided by the United Kingdom (UK) Met Office and World Meteorological Organization (WMO), there is a 40% possibility of the annual average global temperature temporarily reaching 1.5° C (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre industrial levels in one of the next 5 years (2021-25). Average temperatures are likely to be at least 1° C (estimated to be between 0.9° C and 1.8° C) warmer in each of the coming five years (2021-25). At least one year between 2021-2025 will become the warmest year on record, replacing 2016. The temperature rise is significant, because as per the Paris Agreement signed in 2015 global leaders had committed to limit global warming to 1.5° C and well below 2° C by the end of the century.
About World Meteorological Organization (WMO):
President – Gerhard Adrian
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Members – 193 (187 Countries, 6 Member Territories)

National

IIM Indore Partners With GIZ, India To Help Businesses Tackle Post-Covid Challenges

Indian Institute of Management (IIM)-Indore has partnered with The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to identify the challenges across pandemic-hit sectors and to figure out ways to tackle them.

India, New Zealand hold 3rd Foreign Office Consultations virtually

The 3rd Foreign Office Consultations between India & New Zealand took place virtually on 25th May, 2021. Riva Ganguly Das, Secretary (East) led the Indian side, while Mark Sinclair, Deputy Secretary, Americas and Asia Group, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade led the New Zealand side.
i.Both sides agreed to step up engagement in areas like Defence and Security, trade and investment, space, counterterrorism, cyber security, disarmament and climate change, and strengthening people-to-people ties. Discussions were also held in response to COVID-19 pandemic, access to vaccines and medicines. Views were also exchanged on various regional issues, and they agreed to cooperate closely for ensuring a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
ii.The 2nd Foreign Office Consultations between the two countries took place on 5th February 2019 in New Delhi.
About New Zealand
Prime Minister – Jacinda Ardern
Capital – Wellington
Currency – New Zealand dollar ($) (NZD)

VOC Port, NTCPWC sign MoU for development of Indigenous VTS

The V.O. Chidambaranar Port Trust, Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu has signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with National Technology Centre for Ports Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC), IIT Madras for development of Indigenous Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) Software and for Operation, Manning and Maintenance of Vessel Traffic System. VOC Port is the 1st Indian Major Port to sign MoU with NTCPWC for development of Indigenous software for VTS. NTCPWC is the technology arm of the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways. The MoU was signed by Captain Pravin K. Singh, Deputy Conservator, VOC Port & NTCPWC Professor K. Murali. The duration of the MoU for maintenance and updating of the Vessel Traffic System will be a period of 5 years (extendable upto 5 years). The Indigenous VTS will be developed at a cost of INR 27, 81, 600, while the Operation, Manning, and Maintenance of existing VTS will be carried out at a recurring monthly charge of INR 2, 56, 200.
About V.O. Chidambaranar Port Trust
Chairman – T. K. Ramachandran
Location – Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu
About National Technology Centre for Ports Waterways and Coasts (NTCPWC)
It is situated in IIT Madras Campus in Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Established in 2018

Economy

Indian Economist Amartya Sen Won Spain’s Princess of Asturias Award 2021 for Social Science

Indian economist and Nobel Laureate Amartya Kumar Sen won Spain’s top award – Princess of Asturias Award 2021, under the Social Science category. The jury announced the list of 2021 laureates over the virtual platform. Amartya Sen won the award for his research on famines and his theory of human development, welfare economics and the underlying mechanisms of poverty have contributed to the fight against injustice, inequality, disease and ignorance. The award comprises a Joan Miro sculpture, a diploma, an insignia and a cash prize of 50,000 Euros (around Rs 44.25 lakhs).
About Princess of Asturias Awards:
i.The Princess of Asturias Awards is annually presented by the Princess of Asturias Foundation which recognises the scientific, technical, cultural, social and humanitarian work carried out at an international level by individuals, institutions or groups of individuals or institutions.
ii.The awards were first presented in 1981.

IMF Plans to Include Climate, Digital tech into Economic Assessments

The International Monetary Fund(IMF), plans to update the way it conducts economic assessments to report the risks related to climate change, inequality and demographics, as well as evolving digital technologies. The new approach was agreed upon by the IMF’s executive board after the IMF’s first comprehensive review of its surveillance work since 2014.
About International Monetary Fund(IMF):
Establishment – 1944 through the United Nations Bretton Woods Conference in the United States.
Headquarters – Washington, D.C., United States
Managing Director – Kristalina Georgieva
Member Countries– 190

Sports

Barcelona Beat Chelsea, Won its 1st Women’s Champions League Title

Barcelona beat Chelsea and won the UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) Women’s Champions League 2020/21 by scoring 4-0. It was Barcelona’s first Champions League title. Barcelona also became the first team from Spain to win Europe’s top club competition, which had been dominated recently by seven-time champions Lyon. Chelsea(London) was the first English team to reach the final since 2007 when Arsenal won the competition.

Stefanos Tsitsipas wins 2021 ATP Lyon Open

Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece) defeated Cameron Norrie (Britain) to win the Singles Title of the 2021 ATP Lyon Open (4th Edition), which took place from May 17-23, 2021 at Vélodrome Georges Preveral, Lyon, France. It is the 7th ATP Title for Stefanos Tsitsipas. The ATP Lyon Open is a Men’s Clay Court tournament.
About Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP)
CEO – Massimo Calvelli
Headquarters – London, United Kingdom

Tennis: Casper Ruud wins 2021 Geneva Open

Casper Ruud (Norway) defeated Denis Shapovalov (Canada) to win the Singles Title of the 2021 Geneva Open (18th Edition), which took place from May 16-22, 2021 at Tennis Club de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland. The Geneva Open is a Men’s Clay Court tournament and is part of the ATP (Association of Tennis Professionals) Tour 250 series

Miscellaneous

Rajnath Singh Launches ‘SeHAT OPD’ Portal for Armed Forces Personnel

Union Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh virtually launched ‘Services e-Health Assistance & Tele-consultation – Outpatient Department (SeHAT OPD)’ Portal (https://sehatopd.in/). It is an online medical consultation service for Armed Forces Personnel, veterans of Armed Forces and their families.
Objective – To provide healthcare services to patients in their homes. It provides safe and structured video based clinical consultations between a doctor in a hospital and a patient in their home.
Developers – Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) Mohali, Headquarters Integrated Defense Staff (HQ IDS), Department of Military Affairs (DMA), Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS).
The portal will reduce the load on hospitals and patients will also get contactless consultations.
About Ministry of Defence
Union Minister – Rajnath Singh (Lok Sabha – Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh)
Minister of State – Shripad Yesso Naik (Lok Sabha – North Goa, Goa)

Penpa Tsering Sworn in as the President of Tibetan Government-in-exile

Penpa Tsering sworn in as the second democratically-elected president (Sikyong) of the 17th Parliament-in-Exile of the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), the Dharamshala-based Tibetan government-in-exile. Penpa Tsering succeeds Lobsang Sangay, who completed his second five-year term. Dalai Lama (Tibetan spiritual leader) participated virtually in the ceremony. He was the former speaker of the Parliament of the CTA for two terms between 2008 and 2016. (He was elected to the parliament of Tibet in 1996).

Mali’s Interim President Bah Ndaw and PM Moctar Ouane has Resigned

The Interim President of Mali Bah N’Daw and Moctar Ouane Prime minister(PM) of Mali has resigned from their post after they were arrested by the Military, led by the interim Vice President Assimi Goita. Assimi Goita ordered the arrest after the cabinet reshuffle in which both the president and prime minister lost their post. Bah N’Daw and Moctar Ouane were in charge of the transitional government formed after the Military coup against President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
About Bah N’Daw:
i.Bah N’Daw started his service in the armed forces in 1973.
ii.He served as the deputy chief of staff of the Air Force from 1992 to 2002 and later became the Chief of Staff.
iii.He has served as the Defence Minister of Mali from 2014 to 2015.
About Mali:
Capital– Bamako
Currency– West African CFA Franc

V Kartikeyan Pandian IAS honoured with FIH President’s Award 2021

IAS officer V Kartikeyan Pandian, the private secretary to Naveen Patnaik, the Chief Minister(CM) of Odisha was honoured with the President’s Award 2021 by the International Hockey Federation (Fédération Internationale de Hockey- FIH). He was honoured for his contribution towards the promotion of Hockey in Odisha and his efforts during the Mency Hockey World Cup 2018 held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

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