Current Affairs

27 July, 2021

International

Indian Navy Chief attends 325th Russian Navy Day Celebrations

Indian Navy Chief Admiral Karambir Singh attended the 325th Russian Navy Day celebrations held at St. Petersburg, Russia on 25th July, 2021. Indian Navy’s Stealth Frigate INS Tabar participated in the Navy Day Celebrations of Russia. INS Tabar arrived at St. Petersburg as part of a five-day goodwill visit. The two navies will conduct a naval exercise to strengthen the ties. The exercise will be part of the Indo-Russian Naval Exercise ‘INDRA’. The engagements are aimed at enhancing maritime security and conducting combined operations against maritime threats.

MAKS International Air Show 2021

The 15th International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS 2021 organized by Aviasalon JSC took place from July 20-25, 2021 at Gromov Flight Research Institute’s airfield in Zhukovsky, near Moscow, Russia.

i.During the event, Russia handed over to Indian Air Force (IAF) staff a commercial offer to deliver 21 MiG-29 Fighter Aircrafts.
ii.IAF’s Sarang Helicopter Display Team performed in the MAKS International Air show for the 1st time.
iii.Russia unveiled a prototype of a new Fighter jet ‘Checkmate’. Checkmate is a fifth-generation stealth fighter jet which has stealth capabilities and advanced characteristics.
iv.For the 1st time, Russia invited India to the Russia-US-China Troika Plus meeting on Afghanistan.
About Russia
President – Vladimir Putin
Capital – Moscow
Currency – Russian Rouble

JNCASR ranked 171st in the Leading 200 institutions

JNCASR also ranked 171st in the table of Leading 200 institutions worldwide along with IISc (Indian Institute of Science), Bengaluru (Karnataka) which was ranked at 165. This list was topped by Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), China.

About JNCASR (Jawaharlal Nehru Centre For Advanced Scientific Research):
Establishment– 1989
Parent Ministry– Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology
President– Professor Giridhar U Kulkarni

JNCASR ranked 23rd in Nature Index Top 50 Rising Institutions for Materials Science 2021

In Nature Index 2021 Materials Science tables, the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre For Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bengaluru (Karnataka) has ranked 23rd in the top 50 Rising Institutions worldwide. It is the only Indian institution in this list which has been topped by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) of China. These institutes are ranked by change in article share (Share) in materials science from 2019 to 2020 i.e. number of scientific articles and papers published in leading journals.

JNCASR’s Change in Share 2019–2020 percentage was 120.6% as its share was 8.85 in 2019 and 19.52 in 2020. The share of SJTU in 2020 was 114.73.

National

Govt is Implementing BPKP as a Sub-scheme of PKVY for Promoting Organic Farming

Since 2020-21, the government is implementing Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Padhati (BPKP) as a sub-scheme of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) for promoting Organic farming (traditional indigenous practices). Under BPKP, financial assistance of Rs 12200/hectare for 3 years is being provided for cluster formation, capacity building, and continuous handholding. It promotes biomass mulching, use of cow dung-urine formulations, plant-based preparations and time to time working of soil for aeration. Till now, BPKP covered an area of 4.9 lakh ha in 8 states and released Rs 4980.99 lakh. So far, Telangana has not taken up natural farming under BPKP.
Note – PKVY is a sub-component of the Soil Health Management (SHM) scheme under the National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture(NMSA).

Overview of 76th UNGA President-elect Abdulla Shahid’s visit to India

Abdullah Shahid, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Maldives, who is also The President-Elect of the 76th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) (PGA-Elect) visited New Delhi from July 22-24, 2021. He visited India at the invitation of Dr. S Jaishankar, External Affairs Minister (EAM) of India. India is the 1st country that Abdulla Shahid is visiting after being elected as PGA-Elect on 7th June 2021. Shahid has released a vision statement for his presidency term called ‘Presidency of Hope: COVID Pandemic and Need for Reformed Multilateralism’ with 5 priority themes – recovering from Covid-19, rebuilding sustainably, responding to the planet’s needs, respecting the rights of all, and reforming the UN.

India, Maldives sign agreement for Community Projects: EAM Jaishankar and Abdulla Shahid signed an agreement on India-funded High Impact Community Development projects in Maldives.
About Maldives
President– Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Capital– Male
Currency– Maldivian Rufiyaa
About United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
President (of 75th Session) – Volkan Bozkir
Headquarters – New York, USA

National Web Portal for Sharing R&D I-STEM Entered Phase II

Indian Science Technology and Engineering Facilities Map (I-STEM) (www.istem.gov.in), the national web portal for sharing Research and development (R&D) facilities, entered into its 2nd phase with an extension of 5 years i.e. till 2026. Initially, the I-STEM was launched in January 2020 by the Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi as an initiative of the Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India under the PM-STIAC (PM’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council) mission.

Objective: To strengthen the R&D ecosystem of India and to locate the required facilities that are needed for the R&D work in India.

Features of I-STEM:
i.Connecting Researchers with Resources: Through the I-STEM web portal, the researchers could get access to existing publicly funded R&D facilities in the country.
ii.The R&D equipment in institutions across India could be located and accessed through I-STEM. It also facilitates researchers to access slots for the use of the equipment and to share the details of the outcomes, such as patents, publications and technologies.
Note – Phase I of I-STEM: Under the 1st phase, more than 20,000 pieces of equipment from 1050 institutions across the country were listed and it also included more than 20,000 Indian researchers.
Scheduled Initiatives under Phase – II:
i.Listing of R&D Facilities: Indigenous technology products under R&D and different City Knowledge and Innovation Clusters which are supported by the Office of PSA will also be listed under the portal.
ii.The portal will also provide access to selected R&D software for students and scientists to undertake research projects.
iii.Partial funding assistance will be provided under this phase to researchers, start-ups, and institutions (that use the I-STEM facilities) of tier-2 and tier-3 cities.iv.Regional centres will also be established under the 2nd phase to provide technical training and skill development.
About Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA):
It is the chief advisor to the Government on matters related to scientific policy.
Principal Scientific Adviser to GoI – Professor K VijayRaghavan
Headquarters – New Delhi

Paseo del Prado boulevard and Retiro Park added to UNESCO World Heritage list

The tree-lined Paseo del Prado boulevard & the adjoining Retiro Park, both situated in Madrid, Spain were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage list by WHC of UNESCO. The committee also inscribed Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song-Yuan China (China), Trans-Iranian Railway (Iran) to the World Heritage List.

About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Director-General – Audrey Azoulay
Headquarters – Paris, France

Rudreswara Temple becomes India’s 39th UNESCO World Heritage Site

During the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee (WHC) of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), India’s nomination of Kakatiya Rudreswara Temple (also known as the Ramappa Temple) at Palampet, Mulugu district, Warangal, Telangana was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. It will be India’s 39th World Heritage Site & the 1st World Heritage Site from Telangana. Rudreswara Temple was proposed by India as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019. The WHC consists of 21 Members and China is the Chair of the Committee.

Kakatiya Rudreswara Temple
i.It was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of Kakatiya Empire by Recharla Rudra Reddy, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva. It is also known as Ramappa Temple, after the sculptor who executed the work in the temple for 40 years. The presiding deity in the temple is Ramalingewara Swamy.

Economy

UK court declares Vijay Mallya bankrupt: What does this mean for Indian banks?

The Companies and Insolvency Court of the United Kingdom declared fugitive Indian businessman Vijay Mallya bankrupt on July 26, 2021.

The Chief Insolvencies and Companies Court Judge Michael Briggs said during a virtual hearing of the Chancery Division of the London High Court, "As at 15.42 [UK time], I adjudicate Dr Mallya bankrupt."
The Companies Court is a special court within the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales, which deals with matters relating to companies.

IFC lends $250 million to HDFC Ltd to boost Green Housing Finance in India

i.The investment arm of the World Bank Group, International Finance Corporation (IFC) has sanctioned $250 million (~Rs.1858 Crore) to HDFC (Housing Development Finance Corporation) Ltd to enhance inexpensive housing finance in India under the themes Affordable & Green housing.
ii.This loan will support HDFC limited to grow its affordable housing and emerging green affordable housing portfolio by providing access to people with lower incomes.
iii.This loan is on the lines of India’s target of providing ‘Housing for All’.
About International Finance Corporation (IFC):
It is one of the 5 organizations of the World Bank (WB).
Managing Director– Makhtar Diop
Headquarter– Washington DC, Unite States (US)

Sports

Mithali Raj reclaims No.1 Spot in ICC Women’s ODI Batting Rankings

Indian Women’s Team Captain (for ODIs) Mithali Raj has reclaimed the No.1 spot in the latest MRF Tyres ICC Women’s ODI Batting Rankings. It is the 9th time that Mithali Raj is topping the rankings. In the latest MRF Tyres ICC Women’s T20I Batting Rankings, India’s Shafali Verma topped & Smriti Mandhana attained a career-best 3rd ranking.

India wins 13 Medals at World Cadet Wrestling Championships 2021

India has finished the World Cadet Wrestling Championships 2021 with 13 Medals (5 Gold, 1 Silver, 7 Bronze). The World Cadet Wrestling Championships 2021 was held from July 19-25, 2021 at Budapest, Hungary. The Indian Men’s Team were crowned as Freestyle Champions. It is India’s 1st ever team freestyle world title at any level. While the Women’s Wrestling Team clinched the Silver Medal. The Cadet World Championship is an annual event held for Wrestlers aged between the ages of 16-17 years. It is held in 3 categories Greco-Roman (GR), Freestyle (FS) and Women’s wrestling (WW) and is organized by United World Wrestling (UWW).

About United World Wrestling (UWW)
President – Nenad Lalovic
Headquarters – Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland

Miscellaneous

BS Yediyurappa Announced his Resignation as Karnataka CM

On July 25, 2021, Bookanakere Siddalingappa (B.S.)Yediyurappa announced his resignation as Chief Minister (CM) of Karnataka.He had submitted his resignation to Thawar Chand Gehlot,the Governor of Karnataka. In the exercise of powers vested under Part IV of the Constitution of India, Article 164 (1), Governor Thawar Chand Gehlot accepted the resignation. Consequent to his resignation, the Council of Ministers headed by BS Yediyurappa was also dissolved by the Governor.

About BS Yediyurappa:
i.He served as the CM of Karnataka for 4 terms, becoming the only CM to do so in Karnataka.
ii.He started his 1st tenure as the CM of Karnataka in November 2007 and finally he served as the 19th CM of Karnataka from 26 July 2019 to 26 July 2021.
About Article 164:
i.Article 164(1) Other provisions as to Ministers – The Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister, and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor.
ii.Article 164(1 A) of the constitution defines the total number of Ministers, including the Chief Minister, in the Council of Ministers in a State should not exceed 15 percent of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State. Provided that, the number of Ministers, including the CM in a State, should not be less than 12.

Sanjay Rai ‘Sherpuria’ Became National Brand Ambassador for SDG Choupal

To honour the various initiatives undertaken by Sanjay Rai ‘Sherpuria’, the entrepreneur and Social worker, during COVID-19, SDG Choupal named him as the National Brand Ambassador of it.
Initiatives Undertaken:
i.Under COVID-19 Sanjay Rai ‘Sherpuria’ distributed oxygen concentrators to more than 200 institutions and individuals of Ghazipur district of Uttar Pradesh.
ii.He provided the facility of an ambulance, a telemedicine vehicle, essential medicines, doctors and many workers in Ghazipur. Masks and medicines were distributed by him to more than 60 thousand families.
Note – A coffee table book on Sanjay Rai ‘Sherpuria’ also published in collaboration with Ghazipur Nagrik Abhinandan Samiti, SDG Choupal and Rotary Club International.
About SDGChoupal:
i.It is a collective community initiative of NITI Aayog, Dr Ambedkar International Centre, Ministry of Social Justice, UNHabitat, WHO (World Health Organisation), CII (Confederation of Indian Industries) India@75, UNESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), NSIC (National Small Industries Corporation), TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute), Nagrik Foundation, etc.
ii.It will support the national and state governments for implementing the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (a set of 17 goals and 169 targets).
iii.As India has committed to achieving the goals between 2016 and 2030, SDG Choupal was launched to span up to 2030, till the goals are met.
Headquarters – New Delhi

Assam’s Cachar District won Silver SKOCH Award for Pushti Nirbhor

Cachar district of Assam won the Silver SKOCH Award under the Health category at the national level for its ‘Pushti Nirbhor’ project on transforming and developing Nutri gardens at houses in Dinnathpur Bagicha Village, near the India-Bangladesh border in Cachar. ‘Pushti Nirbhor’ means nutrition-dependent. Keerthi Jalli, Deputy Commissioner Cachar received the award. Pushti Nirbhor, a convergence project which aims to make the village’s self-reliant through household Nutri gardens which will also generate income during the COVID-19 pandemic. Under Pushti Nirbhor, more than 30 thousand seedlings of vegetables, fruits and herbal plants were given to 140 beneficiaries. Each household of the village was given payment for 75 man-days to implement the project.

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Daily Current Affairs | 22nd September 2021

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