Current Affairs

26 October, 2021


China Launched Shijian-21 Satellite to Test Space Debris Mitigation Technology

In October 2021, China successfully launched a satellite named Shijian-21 on the planned orbit to test and verify space debris mitigation technologies. The satellite was launched by a Long March-3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center, southwest China. The current launch marks 2021’s, 36th launch of CASC (China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation) and 39th overall launch of China. CASC is targeting more than 40 launches before the end of 2021.

About Space Debris: It is any piece of machinery or debris left by humans in space. It can refer to big objects such as dead satellites that have failed/been left in orbit at the end of their mission. It can also refer to smaller things, like bits of debris that have fallen off a rocket.
Additional Info: A Space startup named Digantara Research and Technology (DRT) has developed India’s first in-orbit space debris monitoring and tracking system that works on LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology. Click here to know more
About China:
Capital – Beijing
President – Xi Jinping
Currency – Renminbi

14% of world’s corals lost in 10 years due to Global Warming: Status of Coral Reefs of the World 2020 Report

i.In accordance with the 6th edition of ‘Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2020’ report by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) there is loss of 14% of the world’s coral since 2009 to 2018. The loss is varied by region, ranging from 5% in East Asia to 95% in the eastern tropical Pacific.
ii.The report provided the most detailed scientific picture to date of the elevated temperatures affecting the world’s reefs.
iii.The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) provided financial, technical and communication support to the report.
About UNEP(United Nations Environment Programme)
Executive Director– Inger Andersen
Headquarters– Nairobi, Kenya


2nd Edition of Naval Commanders’ Conference of 2021 Held from 18-22 October; Indian Navy Received 11th P-8I Aircraft

The Union Minister of Defence, Rajnath Singh, addressed the 2nd edition of the 5-day Naval Commanders’ Conference of 2021 (Naval Commanders’ Conference 21/2), which was held in New Delhi from 18 to 22 October 2021. At the event, Rajnath Singh launched an ‘Integrated Unmanned Road Map for Indian Navy’, to provide a comprehensive Unmanned Systems Roadmap in accordance with the Indian Navy’s Concept of Operations and chart out a capability development plan for the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy has received its 11th P-8I, (Poseidon-8I) the Long Range Maritime Reconnaissance Anti-Submarine Warfare (LRMRASW) aircraft from Boeing, the United States (US) based aerospace company to boost anti-submarine operations in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). On 21 October 2021, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) signed a contract with the US Government under Foreign Military Sale (FMS) for procurement of MK 54 Torpedo and Expendable (Chaff and Flares) for the Indian Navy at a cost of Rs 423 Crores.

About Ministry of Defence (MoD):
Union Minister – Raj Nath Singh (Constituency – Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh)
Minister of State – Ajay Bhatt (Constituency – Nainital-Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand)

Government Notifies Indian Telegraph Right of Way (Amendment) Rules, 2021

The Department of Telecom, Ministry of Communication has notified Indian Telegraph Right of Way (Amendment) Rules, 2021 by amending Indian Telegraph Right of Way (RoW) Rules, 2016. This amendment was made to ease the rollout of communications networks by fixing nominal one-time fee at Rs 1,000 per kilometer and uniform procedure for establishment of Overground Telegraph Line. This will also make the documentation for RoW application for overground telegraph lines simple and augmentation of Digital Communications Infrastructure across the country.

Earlier also the fee was Rs 1,000 only per km, but some State local municipalities charge more like Kerala, Gujarat levy annual rent in addition to one-time charges. In order to overcome this, the amendment has been made. Also, earlier the RoW Rules had covered only underground optical fibre cable (OFC) and mobile towers.


FGII Entered Into Bancassurance Partnership With Bank of India

Future Generali India Insurance(FGII) Company Limited, a private sector general insurer, has entered into a bancassurance partnership with the Bank of India(BoI) to increase the reach of its insurance products. Under this partnership, FGII will offer its wide range of best in class and innovative insurance solutions to the customers of 5084 Branches of BoI across 28 states and 8 Union Territories.

To date, the FGII has partnered with around 15 public and private banks to enhance its distribution across India.
What is Bancassurance?
Bancassurance is an arrangement between a bank and an insurance company that allows the insurance company to sell its products through the bank’s infrastructure to the customers of the bank.
This partnership arrangement can be profitable for both companies.
About Future Generali India Insurance Company Limited:
FGII is a joint venture of Future Group and Generali Group which are involved in retail and insurance business, respectively.
MD & CEO– Anup Rau
Incorporated in September 2007
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
About Bank of India(BoI):
MD & CEO– Atanu Kumar Das
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Tagline– Relationship beyond banking
Founded on 7th September 1906
Nationalised in July 1969


Yamaha’s Fabio Quartararo won 2021 MotoGP World Championship; becomes first Frenchman to win

Monster Energy Yamaha MotoGP’s Team, Fabio Quartararo became the ‘2021 FIM MotoGP World Championship’, by winning 2021 Emilia Romagna motorcycle Grand Prix (officially known as the Gran Premio Nolan del Made in Italy e dell’Emilia-Romagna). It was held at the Misano World Circuit Marco Simoncelli in Misano Adriatico. It was managed by Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme(FIM). Fabio Quartararo became the first Frenchman to win MotoGP World Championship.

Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati Lenovo Team) crashed out of the race lead in the closing stages of the Gran Premio Nolan del Made in Italy e dell’Emilia-Romagna, the title was decided as Marc Marquez (Repsol Honda Team) emerged victorious.


i.Honda’s Pol Espargaro secured second and Quartararo looked set to finish on the podium as well, but he was overtaken on the final lap by Enea Bastianini, who moved up from 16th to third on his Avintia Esponsorama.

ii.Quartararo won this Grand Prix after nearly a decade of Spanish dominance, Marquez (six championships), Yamaha’s Jorge Lorenzo (2012 and 2015) and Suzuki’s Joan Mir (2020) won the last nine titles.
About Grand Prix motorcycle racing
Founded– 1949

Max Verstappen wins Formula 1 U.S. Grand Prix 2021

Belgian-Dutch Racing driver, Max Verstappen (Red Bull Racing-Honda) won 2021 United States Grand Prix (officially known as the Formula 1 Aramco United States Grand Prix 2021) by defeating Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) of the United Kingdom, held at Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas, United States (US).
It was organized by the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).
About Max Verstappen:
i.Born on 30 September, 1997 at Hasselt, Belgium.
ii.He made his debut in 2015 Australian Grand Prix and won his first race in 2016 Spanish Grand Prix.
iii.He is currently competing in Formula One, under the Dutch Flag, with Red Bull racing and he is due to remain at Red Bull until the end of 2023 season.
About Formula 1 racing
i.Formula 1 racing is one among the 5 best known Formulae in open wheel racing.
ii.The other formulae are, Formula E, Formula Two, Formula Three, regional Formula Three and Formula Four.


France launches Military Communications Satellite ‘Syracuse 4A

France has successfully launched a state-of-the-art Military Communications satellite namely ‘Syracuse 4A’ into orbit which was carried off by Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou, in French Guiana. It is designed to allow France’s armed forces across the globe to communicate swiftly and securely. The satellite can survey its close surroundings and move itself to escape an attack. It is equipped with an anti-jamming antenna and digital transparent processor on board which will guarantee a high resistance to extreme jamming methods. It will also resist military aggression from the ground and in space, as well as interference.
About France:
Capital– Paris
Currency– Euro
Prime Minister– Jean Castex

US conducts successfully tested three hypersonic missile prototypes

The United States (US) successfully tested three hypersonic weapon component prototypes at NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) facility in Wallops, Virginia. The test was conducted by Sandia National Laboratories. This successful test led to the development of the US Navy’s Conventional Prompt Strike (CPS) and the Army’s Long Range Hypersonic Weapon (LRHW) offensive hypersonic strike.

Tsitsi Dangarembga Receive 2021 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade; Becomes 1st Black Woman To Win Award

Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels, an association of German book publishers and book sellers, awarded 2021 Peace Prize of the German Book Trade to the Zimbabwean author and a filmmaker Tsitsi Dangarembga for a “new Enlightenment”, a work on violence in her country and all over the world. Dangarembga is the first black woman to win German Peace Prize She stresses on the need for a fundamental shift to overcome the structures of racial hierarchy that have led to violence in her home country and also across the world. She highlighted the various forms of violence on black inhabitants by the white colonialists in the 19th and 20th centuries.

About Tsitsi Dangarembga:
Tsitsi Dangarembga is novelist, playwright and filmmaker, born on February 4, 1959, in mutoko, Zimbabwe. Her debut novel, Nervous conditions was the first to be published in English by black women from Zimbabwe.

About German Peace Prize :
i.Börsenverein des Deutschen Buchhandels, the German Publishers and Booksellers Association in the Federal Republic of Germany, has been awarding the Peace Prize of the German Book of Trade.The association also runs the Frankfurt Book Fair.
ii.The prize embodies 25,000 euros, raised by the publishers and booksellers.
iii.The prize is traditionally awarded on Sunday Frankfurt Book Fair, usually takes place in the month of October.

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