Current Affairs

25 May, 2021

International

Anatole Collinet Makosso Appointed as the Prime Minister of Congo

Anatole Collinet Makosso, former Minister of Primary and Secondary Education, was appointed as the New Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo. He was appointed by Denis Sassou Nguesso, the President of Congo.
He replaced the former Prime Minister Clement Mouamba, who has been in office since 2016.
About Anatole Collinet Makosso:
i.Anatole Collinet Makosso was born in 1965 in Pointe Noire, Congo.
ii.He started his political career in 190 and joined the government as the Minister of Youth and Civil Instruction in 2011.
iii.He has served as the Minister of Primary and Secondary Education since 2016.
About Republic of the Congo:
President– Denis Sassou Nguesso
Prime Minister– Anatole Collinet Makosso
Capital– Brazzaville
Currency– Central African CFA franc

Over 21 Million sq kms placed within Protected and Conserved Areas since 2010: UNEP, IUCN Report

According to the ‘Protected Planet Report 2020’ released by United Nations Environment Programme – World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), around 21 million square kms (which is 7 times the size of India) have been added within the Protected & Conserved Areas of the world since 2010. It brings the total percentage of earth’s land which is protected/conserved to 64%, which is just a fraction short of the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11 (Protecting/Conserving 17% of Earth’s land and 10% of its marine environments by 2020). Around 82% of countries and territories have increased their share of protected area and coverage of Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECM). The addition of 21 million square kilometres indicates that 42% of the world’s protected and conserved areas were added during 2010-20.
About UNEP-WCMC
UNEP-WCMC stands for United Nations Environment Programme – World Conservation Monitoring Centre
Director – Neville Ash
Headquarters – Cambridge, UK
About International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
President – Zhang Xinsheng
Headquarters – Gland, Switzerland

National

51st Edition of Virtual IHGF of Delhi Fair 2021

The 51st Edition of virtual Indian Handicrafts and Gift Fair (IHGF) 2021 organized by Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH) took place from May 19-23, 2021. It is India’s largest Virtual Fair in the Home, Fashion, Lifestyle, Textiles and Furniture sector. It was inaugurated by Ravi K. Passi, Chairman of EPCH. IHGF is an exclusive Business-2-Business (B2B) online platform developed to assist buyers from all across the globe to source from India. Around 1500 manufacturers and overseas buyers from 85 countries participated in the Fair. The estimated figures for exports of handicrafts for April-March 2020-21 stand at INR 25, 558.94 Crore, which is a growth of 1.14% (Rupee terms) & decline (-) 3.39% (dollar terms) over the same period in 2020.EPCH has its Headquarters in New Delhi.

Social Justice Ministry Launched 1st of its Kind CBID Program on Rehabilitation

Union Minister of Social Justice & Empowerment Dr Thaawarchand Gehlot virtually launched a first of its kind 6- month Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID) Program on rehabilitation of Divyangjan. This program will create trained manpower in identifying risk cases, apprising the parents/guardians about the nearest early intervention centres, and guiding them for availing Government benefits for Divyangjan. This course has been co-designed by Rehabilitation Council of India and University of Melbourne as a joint initiative under the MoU signed between the Governments of Australia and India in 2018.
About CBID Program on rehabilitation:
i.Initially the programme will be available in English, Hindi and 7 regional languages, namely, Gujarati, Marathi, Odia, Bengali, Telugu, Tamil and Garo.
ii.The classes for the first batch of about 600 students are expected to commence by August,2021.
iii.Mode of training for this course would be both offline/online taking into account the prevailing COVID scenario.
iv.The National Board of Examination in Rehabilitation under the Rehabilitation Council of India will conduct examinations and award certificates to pass-out candidates.

Supreme Court’s e-Committee releases Manual for its ‘e-Courts Services Mobile App’

The Supreme Court’s e-Committee released the manual for its free e-Courts Services Mobile App in 14 regional languages. The manual provides explanations about the features of the app, for the easy understanding of the common man. Justice Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud, Judge, Supreme Court of India and the Chairperson of e-Committee has written the foreword of the manual.
e-Courts Services Mobile App
i.The e-Courts Services Mobile App is an Electronic Case Management Tool (ECMT) launched in 2017. All e-Courts services are interlinked with the app. It serves as a source of information for the judicial delivery system, lawyers, litigants, police, government agencies and common citizens. Using the app, the stakeholders can get access to complete case details such as case number, filing numbers, party names, FIR number, advocate details, Case Status and Cause List.
About e-Committee of Supreme Court
Patron-in-Chief – Justice N.V. Ramana, Chief Justice of India
Chairperson – Dr Justice Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud, Judge, Supreme Court of India

Economy

Mahindra Rural Housing Finance Limited(MRHFL), a subsidiary of Mahindra and Mahindra Financial Ltd, and India Post Payments Bank(IPPB) made a partnership for a cash management solution. Benefits under the collaboration: i.Under the partnership, IPPB will be offering cash management and collection services to MRHFL through its access points and postal service providers. ii.IPPB’s large national network has facilitated the deployment of cash management solutions to meet the requirements of MRHFL. iii.Using the cash management service, MRHFL customers could able to repay their monthly or quarterly loan instalments at over 1.36 lakh post offices. About Mahindra Rural Housing Finance Limited(MRHFL): Establishment – 2007 Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra Managing Director – Anuj Mehra

Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) imposed a total fine of Rs.14 lakh on Biopharmaceutical company Biocon and its former Senior Vice President (R&D) Narendra Chirmule for violation of market norms. Narendra Chirmule is facing the fine of Rs 5 lakh for trading in the company’s securities when the trading window was closed and violated provisions of Prohibition of Insider Trading (PIT) norms. Biocon is facing a total penalty of 9 lakh for violating various provisions of PIT norms as it failed to prescribe any deadline within which it is required to inform SEBI of the violation of Code of conduct (CoC).

MRHFL, IPPB tie-up for Cash Management Solution

Mahindra Rural Housing Finance Limited(MRHFL), a subsidiary of Mahindra and Mahindra Financial Ltd, and India Post Payments Bank(IPPB) made a partnership for a cash management solution.
Benefits under the collaboration:
i.Under the partnership, IPPB will be offering cash management and collection services to MRHFL through its access points and postal service providers.
ii.IPPB’s large national network has facilitated the deployment of cash management solutions to meet the requirements of MRHFL.
iii.Using the cash management service, MRHFL customers could able to repay their monthly or quarterly loan instalments at over 1.36 lakh post offices.
About Mahindra Rural Housing Finance Limited(MRHFL):
Establishment – 2007
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Managing Director – Anuj Mehra

Sports

Red Bull’s Max Verstappen wins Monaco Grand Prix 2021

Red Bull’s Max Verstappen has won the Monaco Grand Prix for the first time to take the Formula One championship lead from Lewis Hamilton. Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz Jr. finished second, while McLaren, L. Norris came in a disappointing third place.
Verstappen’s second win this season and 12th of his career moved the Red Bull driver four points ahead of Hamilton overall. The seven-time world champion finished seventh on a bad day for the usually ultra-reliable Mercedes team.

Max Verstappen wins F1 Monaco GP; Jack Miller wins French MotoGP

Red Bull Racing Honda’s Max Verstappen (Netherlands) won the 2021 F1 Monaco Grand Prix held at Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo. Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz (Spain) finished 2nd and Mclaren Mercedes’ driver Lando Norris (Great Britain) finished 3rd. The F1 Championships are organised by Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).
i.In MotoGP, Australia’s Jack Miller (Ducati) won the 2021 French MotoGP (2021 SHARK Helmets Grand Prix de) held at the Le Mans Bugatti Grand Prix race circuit, Le Mans, France. Pramac Racing’s Johan Zarco (France) finished 2nd, while Yamaha’s Fabio Quartararo (France) finished 3rd in the race.
The MotoGP championships are organized by Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM).
About Federation Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM)
President – Jorge Viegas
Headquarters – Mies, Switzerland
About Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA):
President – Jean Todt
Headquarters – Paris, France

Miscellaneous

Microsoft Announced the retirement of Internet Explorer in 2022

Microsoft has announced that its Internet Explorer 11 desktop application will retire and go out of support on 15th June 2022 for certain versions of Windows 10.
At present, Internet Explorer, which was launched in 1995, holds only a 3.8% share of the desktop browser space which is dominated by Google’s Chrome with 70% share. Microsoft has suggested that users can use the Internet Explorer(IE) mode found on Edge. Internet Explorer 11 will no longer be supported for Microsoft’s online services like Office 365, OneDrive, Outlook and more.

DRDO develops ‘DIPCOVAN’ – COVID-19 Antibody Detection Kit

The Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), a unit under the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed DIPCOVAN (DIPAS-VDx COVID-19 lgG Antibody Microwell ELISA), an Indigenous COVID-19 Antibody detection-based kit. It is set to be used for Sero-surveillance. Sero surveillance is conducted to ascertain the spread of COVID-19 in an area & also gauging a person’s previous exposure to the virus. The kit has been developed in association with Vanguard Diagnostics Pvt Ltd, a New Delhi based development and manufacturing diagnostics company.
About Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO)
Chairman– Dr G. Satheesh Reddy
Headquarters – New Delhi

Rajesh Bansal Appointed As CEO of Reserve Bank Innovation Hub

The Board of Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) has appointed Rajesh Bansal as the chief executive officer (CEO) of the RBIH with effect from May 17, 2021.
About Rajesh Bansal:
i.Rajesh Bansal was a member of the founding team of Aadhaar who played a key role in designing India’s Direct Benefit transfer system, particularly for cooking fuel and electronic KYC(e KYC).
ii.He is an expert in electronic cash transfers and digital financial services and earlier he has also served in the areas of technology, financial inclusion and payment systems in RBI.
About Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH):
The board of the RBIH which is headed by Infosys co-founder S (Kris) Gopalakrishnan.
About Reserve Bank of India(RBI):
Establishment – 1st April 1935
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Governor – Shaktikanta Das

Gautam Adani become Asia’s 2nd Richest Man: Bloomberg Billionaire Index

Based on the data compiled by Bloomberg Billionaire Index, Adani Group’s founder and chairman Gautam Adani became Asia’s 2nd richest man.
Ranking of Asia’s Richest Person:
Ranking Country Richest person Net worth
1st India Reliance Industries’ Mukesh Ambani $76.5 billion
2nd India Adani Group’s Gautam Adani $66.5 billion
3rd China Zhong Shanshan $63.6 billion
4th China Ma Huateng $60.5 billion

Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) imposed a total fine of Rs.14 lakh on Biopharmaceutical company Biocon and its former Senior Vice President (R&D) Narendra Chirmule for violation of market norms. Narendra Chirmule is facing the fine of Rs 5 lakh for trading in the company’s securities when the trading window was closed and violated provisions of Prohibition of Insider Trading (PIT) norms. Biocon is facing a total penalty of 9 lakh for violating various provisions of PIT norms as it failed to prescribe any deadline within which it is required to inform SEBI of the violation of Code of conduct (CoC).

The Shergaon Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC) of Arunachal Pradesh has won the best ‘BMC’ award in the India Biodiversity Awards(IBA) 2021. The 5th edition of the IBA was held virtually on May 22, 2021, and the awards were given by the Union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEFCC), Babul Supriyo. The award programme marked the occasion of the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB) 2021. The IBA is a joint initiative by MoEFCC, National Biodiversity Authority, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Note – The winners of the IBA carry a Memento, a Certificate and a cash prize of Rs 2 lakhs each for individuals and Rs 5 lakhs each for institutions.
Awards under different categories:
Award Category Awardee
Best Biodiversity Management Committee Shergaon BMC, West Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh
Conservation of Domesticated Species( individual) Shaji .N.M., farmer, Kerala (fondly called as ‘Tuber Man’)
Conservation of Domesticated Species( institute) Amrabad Poda Lakmi Govu Sangam, Telangana
Sustainable use of Biological Resources(Individual) S Sathish,
The forest range officer, Ramanathapuram subdivision of Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Sustainable use of Biological Resources(Institution)
Khonoma Nature Conservation & Tragopan Sanctuary (KNCTS), Nagaland
About National Biodiversity Authority:
Establishment – 2003 by Government to implement India’s Biological Diversity Act (2002)
Headquarters – Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Chairman – V. B. Mathur

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