Current Affairs

22 October, 2021

International

UNEP Production Gap Report 2021: World Govt’s Fossil Fuel Production Plans Exceeds Paris Limits

In October 2021, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has released the Production Gap Report, 2021, the report analyses the ‘production gap’ i.e. the difference between governments’ plan for fossil fuel production and the globally agreed climate limits (including the Paris climate agreement). As per the report, the world’s government plans to produce more than twice (around 110 percent) the amount of fossil fuels in 2030, than would be consistent with limiting warming to 1.5°C, and 45 percent more than consistent with 2°C. Governments’ production plans and projections would lead to the production of around 240 percent more coal, 57 percent more oil, and 71 percent more gas in 2030.

About Paris Agreement:
i.To tackle climate change and its negative impacts, world leaders at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP21) in Paris made the Paris Agreement to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to limit the global temperature increase in this century to 2°C while pursuing efforts to limit the increase even further to 1.5°C.
ii.The Agreement is a legally binding international treaty. It entered into force on 4 November 2016. Around 192 Parties (191 countries plus the European Union) have joined the Paris Agreement.

National

PMGKP Insurance Scheme for Health Workers Extended For Another 180 Days

The Central government extended the duration of “Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP)”, an insurance scheme for health care workers fighting COVID-19, for a further period of 180 days As the current term of the policy is ending on 20.10.2021, it has been further extended for 180 days from 21.10.2021. Until now, 1351 claims have been paid under the scheme. This scheme meant relief plans to help in the survival of the deadly situation of the country. The relief package includes food and components, which are divided into eight sections of the society inclusive of pensioners, women, and the disabled, poor families. The central government has claimed to distribute rice and wheat-based on each individual, in addition to the already existing rice distribution.

About Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP)

Launched on: March, 2020

Launched by : The Indian Union Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman.

PM Narendra Modi Visited Uttar Pradesh; inaugurated Kushinagar International Airport

i.Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Uttar Pradesh (UP) where he inaugurated the Kushinagar International Airport and participated in an event marking Abhidhamma Day at Mahaparinirvana Temple in Kushinagar. He also attended a public function to inaugurate and lay the foundation stone of various development projects in Kushinagar.
ii.The Ministry of Tourism organized a two days’ conference titled ‘Tourism in Buddhist Circuit- A way forward’ on October 20-21, 2021 at Kushinagar for the inauguration of Kushinagar International Airport by PM Narendra Modi.
iii.Built at an estimated cost of Rs. 260 crore, Kushinagar international airport will connect the eastern UP with important centres on the Buddhist circuit in India and South-East Asia.
iv.During a public function at Barwa Jangal, Kushinagar, the PM inaugurated & laid the foundation stone of 12 development projects worth over Rs 180 crore.
About Sri Lanka:
Capital– Colombo (judicial capital), Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (legislative capital)
Currency– Sri Lankan Rupee

PMGKP Insurance Scheme for Health Work

Economy

NABARD Sanctioned Rs 608 Crore to GoI for Assam’s Infrastructure Projects

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) sanctioned Rs 608 crore to the Government of India (GoI) for different infrastructure projects in rural areas of Assam. The infrastructure projects include 52 rural roads, 21 rural bridges, 19 flood protection projects and 32 soil conservation projects across Assam under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) – XXVII. 17 lakhs rural population in 900 villages were estimated to get benefitted through the projects. Recently, NABARD has entered into an MOU with the government of Assam, and the Assam Infrastructure Financing Authority (AIFA) for facilitation of Rs 13,200 crore infrastructure projects in the state over a period of 3 years.

About Assam:
Chief Minister – Himanta Biswa Sarma
Wildlife Sanctuary – Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary, Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary
Dance – Deodhani, Bordoishikla, Domahi Kikang

NPCI launched NTS platform for Tokenization of RuPay Cards

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) launched the NPCI Tokenization system (NTS) to support tokenization of RuPay cards to secure the financial data of cardholders. Under this system, NPCI will provide Token Reference On File (TROF) service securing card details at the RuPay Network Secure vault. This system is an alternative to storing card details with merchants by prioritizing consumer’s safety and to provide them a seamless shopping experience i.e. faster checkout. Merchants are required to meet the tokenization by January 1, 2022.

Reason behind this launch:
As Reserve Bank of India (RBI) mandated to store customer’s card information in the form of an encrypted form i.e. ‘token’ to secure transactions. These tokens then allow payments to be processed without disclosing any customer details. On the lines of this NTS was launched.

About National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI):
It is an umbrella organization for operating retail payments and settlement systems in India.
Establishment– 2008
MD & CEO– Dilip Asbe
Headquarter– Mumbai, Maharashtra

Sports

Australian Fast Bowler James Pattinson Retires From International Cricket

Australian fast bowler James Pattinson has announced his retirement from international cricket with immediate effect, ahead of the Ashes series of Australia against England. He will continue to play for the Victoria State team and engage in training the next generation of fast bowlers.
About James Pattinson:
i.James Pattinson made his test debut in December 2011 against New Zealand.
ii.He has represented Australia in 15 one day Internationals(ODI) and 4 Twenty20 (T20) International matches. He played his last ODI in 2015 and had a stop-start career due to injuries.
iii.He played a major role in Australia’s 2019 ashes campaign in England.

Miscellaneous

MoD Rajnath Singh launched WBPMP, 1st Project Management Governance by Military Engineer Services

Union Minister Rajnath Singh, Ministry of Defence (MoD), launched Web Based Project Monitoring Portal (WBPMP) for Military Engineer Services (MES) from New Delhi. It is the first project management Governance to be implemented by the MES. It has been developed by Gandhinagar (Gujarat) based Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG-G). This development is on the lines of Digital India Mission.

Parambikulam Tiger Conservation Foundation won Earth Guardian Award: 11th Edition Of NatWest Group Earth Heroes Awards 2021

The Parambikulam Tiger Conservation Foundation (PaTCoF), a non-profit organisation in Palakkad, Kerala, under the Kerala Forest Department, has won the NatWest Group’s Earth Guardian Award 2021 for its efforts towards the conservation of tigers and biodiversity of the Parambikulam tiger reserve.
NatWest Group India, the global capability centre of the NatWest Group announced the 8 winners of the 11th edition of the NatWest Group Earth Heroes Awards(2021).

Ivonne Higuero, Secretary-General of United Nations(UN) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(CITES) felicitated the winners over a virtual ceremony. The 2021 awards have been presented under different categories such as Green Warrior, Earth Guardian, Save the Species, Inspire and Lifetime Achievement.

The theme of the 2021 awards is “Biodiversity – A resilient nature is a foundation on which all climate mitigation and adaptation efforts must be raised”.
About NatWest Group Earth Heroes Awards:
i.NatWest Group Earth Heroes Awards was previously known as the RBS Earth Heroes Awards.
ii.The awards were instituted in 2011 to recognise the individuals and institutions that work towards protecting the endangered forest, wetlands, and other natural ecosystems.
Winners of 2021 NatWest Group Earth Heroes Awards:

Category Winners State
Green Warrior Nitish Kumar Odisha
Shilpa SL Karnataka
Earth Guardian Satpura Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh
Parambikulam Tiger Conservation Foundation Kerala
Save the Species Arunima Singh Uttar Pradesh
Anil Bishnoi Rajasthan
Inspire Karma Sonam Ladakh
Lifetime Achievement Brij Mohan Singh Rathore Madhya Pradesh
Anil Bishnoi won the award under the “Save the Species” category for his work towards the conservation of blackbucks.
Arunima Singh, a field conservation research technician for the TSA / Centre for Wildlife Studies (CWS India) – India Turtle Conservation Project, has won the award under the “Save the species” category for Turtle conservation.
About NatWest Group India:
NatWest Group India, formerly RBS Services India Pvt Ltd(RBS India).
Headquarters– Gurugram, Haryana

UNCTAD: IPAs of Costa Rica, Korea, Netherlands Won UN Investment Promotion Awards for Promoting Healthcare

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has awarded the ‘United Nations Investment Promotion Awards’ to investment promotion agencies (IPAs) from Costa Rica, the Netherlands, and the Republic of Korea for excellence in promoting investment in health sectors. The award was announced at UNCTAD’s 7th World Investment Forum (WIF) through video conferencing. The IPAs such as, Costa Rican Investment Promotion Agency (CINDE), Invest in Holland, and Invest Korea were awarded the UN Investment Promotion Awards. Special Award for the blue economy was given to the Mauritius Economic Development Board and the Seychelles Investment Bureau for their work towards promoting investment in the blue economy.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD):
Secretary General: Rebeca Grynspan
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Founded: 1964

Russian Opposition Leader Alexei Navalny Won ‘Sakharov Prize’, the Top EU Human Rights Prize

Russian Opposition leader (Party-Russia of the Future), lawyer and anti-corruption activist, Alexei Navalny was awarded the ‘Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought’ (Sakharov Prize), the European Union’s (EU) top human rights prize for human rights defenders. Navalny was imprisoned in Russia in 2020 for campaigning against the corruption of Vladimir Putin regime through social media and political campaigns.

About Sakharov Prize:
i.The Sakharov Prize recognises the individuals, groups, and organisations that have made an outstanding contribution towards protecting freedom of thought.
ii.The prize was awarded for the 1st time in 1988 to Nelson Mandela and Anatoli Marchenko.
iii.The prize includes an endowment of EUR 50,000.
About Russia:
President: Vladimir Putin
Capital: Moscow
Currency: Russian ruble

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