Current Affairs

1 December, 2020

International

NSA Ajit Doval Visits Colombo for 2 Day to Participate in 4th NSA Level Meeting on Trilateral Maritime Security Cooperation

i.India’s National Security Advisor(NSA) Ajit Dovalvisited Colombo, Sri Lanka for a two-day visit from November 27-28, 2020 to participate in the 4th NSA Level Meeting on Trilateral Maritime Security Cooperation between India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.
ii.The meeting was hosted by Sri Lanka. The meeting is held after 6 years.
iii.Along with NSA Ajit Doval, Kamal Gunaratne, Defence Secretary of Sri Lanka and Mariya Didi, Defence Minister of Maldives participated.
About Sri Lanka:
President – Gotabaya Rajapaksa
Capital – Colombo, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Currency – Sri Lankan Rupee

Overview of EAM Jaishankar’s Six-day Three Nation Tour visit to Bahrain, UAE & Seychelles from November 24-29, 2020

External Affairs Minister (EAM) of India Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar undertook a Six-day Three Nation Tour visit to Kingdom of Bahrain, United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Republic of Seychelles from November 24-29, 2020. During the visit, he held meetings with Foreign Affairs Ministers & the top leadership of these countries.
About Ministry of External Affairs:
Union Minister– Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
Minister of State– V. Muraleedharan
About Bahrain:
Capital – Manama
Currency – Bahraini Dinar (BHD)
About United Arab Emirates:
Capital– Abu Dhabi
Currency– UAE Dirham
About Republic of Seychelles:
Capital – Victoria
Currency – Seychellois Rupee

FAO’s Report “SOFA 2020 – Overcoming Water Challenges in Agriculture”: 1 out of 6 People in the World Faces Severe Water Scarcity

i.The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has published a flagship report titled “The State of Food and Agriculture(SOFA) 2020 – Overcoming Water Challenges in Agriculture”.
ii.The report states that around 1.2 billion people across the globe are under high levels of water stress, which means that one out of every 6 people in the world are facing a severe water stress or scarcity in agriculture with more than 15% of the rural population at risk.
iii.Around 50% of the 1.2 billion people lived in South Asia and 460 million people lived in east and southeast asia.
About Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):
Director General– Qu Dongyu
Headquarters– Rome, Italy

India tops the list of sending Most Number of Educated Migrants to OECD Countries: OECD Data

According to the data released by OECD “Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development” in the Most Common birth countries of Highly Educated Migrants residing in OECD Nations, India came at the top with around3.12 Million Highly Educated Migrants living in the OECD Nations as of 2015-16 data.
i.For India, the share of individuals in Migrants who have High Education Status is 65% i.e high educations means having received vocational or academic training.
ii.China with 2.25 Million (48.6 % Highly Educated Migrants) came next to India in the list followed by Philippines – 1.89 Million Migrants (shared of Highly Educated Migrants 53.3 %).
iii.Out of 120 Million Migrants living in OECD member countries 30-35% of the migrants are highly educated.
About Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):
Secretary General – Angel Gurria
Headquarters – Paris, France

National

Ministry allocates third Stimulus package of Rs.900 Crore to Mission COVID Suraksha

Ministry allocates third Stimulus package of Rs.900 Crore to Mission COVID Suraksha

3rd Global RE-INVEST Renewable Energy Investors Meet & Expo takes place virtually from November 26-28, 2020

The 3rd Global RE-INVEST Renewable Energy Investors Meet & Expo organised by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) took place virtually from November 26-28, 2020.
i.The Theme of RE-INVEST 2020 is ‘Innovations for Sustainable Energy Transition’.
ii.Partner Countries – Australia, Denmark, France, Germany, Maldives, the United Kingdom, European Union and United States agencies.
iii.Partner States – Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
iv.The meet was organized by MNRE in association with Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

Economy

Singapore & USA Become the Biggest FDI Sources for India During April-September 2020: DPIIT’s FDI Statistics

Singapore has invested Rs 62,084 crore(USD 8.30 billion) into India, which makes it the biggest source of FDI into India.The USA(United States of America) becomes the second biggest source of FDI into India by investing Rs 53,266 crore(USD 7.12 billion) . USA overtakes Mauritius which was in the 2nd rank during the 1st half of the current financial year.
About Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT):
It is a central government department under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
Secretary – Guruprasad Mohapatra
About the Ministry of Commerce and Industry:
Union Minister– Piyush Goyal(Constituency- Rajya Sabha, Maharashtra)
Minister of State(MoS)– Hardeep Singh Puri, Som Parkash

Sports

Lewis Hamilton wins Formula 1 Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix 2020

British Driver Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) won the 2020 Bahrain Grand Prix (officially known as Formula 1 Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix) held at Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir, Bahrain. The race was the fifteen round of the 2020 Formula One World Championship.
The Championships are organized by Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).
i.Netherlands Driver Max Verstappen (Red Bull Racing) finished Second while Thailand’sAlexander Albon (Red Bull Racing) finished Thirdin the race.
ii.This is Hamilton’s 11th Win of the 2020 season.
iii.The race witnessed the crash of France’s Romain Grosjean’s (Haas) car.
iv.Lewis Hamilton clinched the 2020 Driver’s Championship Title with his victory at the 2020 Turkish Grand Prix held on November 15, 2020.
v.Lewis Hamilton’s victory gave Mercedes their 115th Formula 1 race win, they overtook Williams to take the 3rd position on the all-time list of most Grand Prix Victories by Constructors. Ferrari holds the record for the most Grand Prix victories with 238 wins, and McLaren is placed second with 182 wins.

Miscellaneous

AR Rahman Appointed as the Ambassador for BAFTA Breakthrough India 2020-21

Music Composer AR Rahman was appointed as the Ambassador for the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA)’s initiative “BAFTA Breakthrough India 2020-21”. This initiative is supported by Netflix.
About AR Rahman:
i.He debuted as the Music Director in 1991 for the film “Roja” directed by Mani Ratnam.
ii.He secured the National award for best music composer for Roja, first time for a debutant to receive the honours.
iii.He has worked in various languages which includes, Tamil, Telugu, Hindi, English and Chinese.
iv.His noted works include, Bombay, Jodha Akbar, Couples Retreat, 127 Hours, Warriors of Heaven & Earth, Pele etc.,
Awards:
i.AR Rahman won 2 Academy Awards for Original score and original song in 2009 for the film “Slumdog Millionaire”.
ii.He also won the Golden Globes for Slumdog Millionaire in 2009 for best Original Score for which he also won the BAFTA Awards in 2009.

Cambridge Dictionary Named “Quarantine” as Word of the Year 2020

The Cambridge Dictionary has named “Quarantine” as the Word of the Year 2020 based on its data which showed that the word ‘quarantine’ is one of the most searched words on the Cambridge Dictionary in 2020.
New sense:
i.The Cambridge editors have added a new sense of quarantine to the Cambridge dictionary “a general period of time in which people are not allowed to leave their homes or travel freely, so that they do not catch or spread a disease”.
ii.Researchers found that this word is also used synonymously with lockdown to refer to a situation in which people avoid exposure to disease by staying at home.
Note:
i.Runners-up for Word of the year 2020 are, Lockdown and Pandemic.
ii.Cambridge’s word of the year 2019 was “Upcycling”.
Other Word of the year 2020:
i.Collins Dictionary named Lockdown as the Word of the year 2020.
ii.For the first time, The Oxford Dictionaries has decided not to name a word as “word of the year”stating that the year 2020 cannot be described in a single word.

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Daily Current Affairs | 16th January 2021

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