Current Affairs

15 June, 2021

International

Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, UAE – Elected to UN Security Council for 2022-23

Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates(UAE) were elected by the 75th session of the General Assembly as the non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the 2022-23 term. The elected 5 non-permanent members will take their seats on the 15-member body of the UNSC.
About the 15-member of UNSC:
i.The 15-member body of the UNSC consists of 5 permanent veto-wielding members and 10 non-permanent members. To ensure geographical representation, the 10 non-permanent seats are allocated based on the regional groups.
ii.Permanent Members: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States
Note – The newly elected members will replace the vacating members in the assembly
About United Nations Security Council (UNSC):
UNSC is the only U.N. body that can make legally binding decisions like imposing sanctions and authorizing use of force.
Establishment – 1945
Headquarters – New York, United States
Presidency – The presidency of UNSC is held by each of the members in turn for one month, following the English alphabetical order of the Member States’ names.

Overview of the 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit 2021

The 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit 2021 (Outreach Session of the G7 meeting) took place in a Hybrid format from June 11-13, 2021 at Cornwall, United Kingdom (UK). It was hosted by the United Kingdom (UK) as it holds the Presidency of G7 for 2021. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the meeting. Theme for the Summit – ‘Building Back Better’. The UK invited Australia, India, South Korea and South Africa (jointly called ‘Democracy 11’) as Guest Countries to the 2021 summit. The 47th G7 Leaders’ Summit has been called as the 1st ever net-zero G7 as all have committed to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
About G7
Members – 7 (U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Canada, and Japan)
2021 Presidency – United Kingdom

Nuclear Weapons Spending in 2020 Increased by $1.4 billion: ICAN Report

As per the report of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), titled ‘Complicit: 2020 Global Nuclear Spending’, the worldwide Nuclear-armed countries’ overall spending on atomic weapon arsenals in 2020 was increased by $1.4 billion (1.2-billion-euro) to $72.6 billion from $71.2 billion of 2019. The 9 Nuclear-armed countries include The United States(US), China, Russia, The United Kingdom(UK), France, India, Israel, Pakistan, and North Korea.
Country-wise Spending On Nuclear Weapons in 2020:
S.no Country Spending in 2020
6 India
$2.4 billion, ($4,567 / minute)
1 US
$37.4 billion, ($70,881 / minute)
2 China
$10.1 billion, ($19,149 / minute)
3 Russia
$8 billion, ($15,222 / minute)
About International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN):
ICAN is a coalition of non-governmental organizations promoting adherence to and implementation of the United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty for eliminating nuclear weapons. It won the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.
Establishment – 2007
Headquarters – Geneva, Switzerland
Executive Director – Beatrice Fihn

National

ISRO to assist North-East in Development Projects

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will assist development projects in the North Eastern (NE) states by offering optimum utilisation of satellite imaging and other space technology for the accomplishment of targets. It is the 1st of a kind in India, where ISRO is involved in an institutionalised involvement of ISRO in mapping and sharing of data for developmental projects. ISRO is already monitoring and geo-tagging around 67 projects at 221 sites in 8 NE states funded by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) and North Eastern Council (NEC). The North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) at Shillong, Meghalaya has received proposals from 6 of 8 NE states (except Sikkim & Assam). NESAC is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Space. It is located in Shillong and provides dedicated services to NE’s 8 states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

Sports Ministry launches Central Athlete Injury Management System to support Athletes

Union Minister of State for Youth Affairs & Sports, Kiren Rijiju, launched a 1st-of-its-kind Centralised Athlete injury management system called Central Athlete Injury Management System (CAIMS). Under CAIMS, Medical and rehabilitation support will be provided at the athlete’s Geographical location within India.
Aim – To provide injury management & rehabilitation support for athletes at their geographical location to achieve timely restoration from injury
Notable National Sport Authorities
Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports –Minister of State (I/C) – Kiren Rijiju (Constituency – Arunachal West)
Sports Authority of India (SAI) is the apex national sports body of India under the Ministry of Sports, established in 1982.
President of Indian Olympic Association – Narinder Dhruv Batra

Madhya Pradesh ranked 1st in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21

Madhya Pradesh with a score of 64.1 has been ranked 1st in the Anemia Mukt Bharat Index 2020-21. Odisha (59.3) came 2nd followed by Himachal Pradesh (57.1) in the 3rd position. The score card and rankings in Anemia Mukt Bharat Index are based on parameters like coverage of Iron–Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation across beneficiaries to support assessment of progress and performance of the programme.
Rank State Score
1 Madhya Pradesh 64.1
2 Odisha 59.3
3 Himachal Pradesh 57.1
Anemia Mukt Bharat Index
The Anemia Mukt Bharat (AMB) strategy was launched in 2018 to reduce prevalence of Anemia all over India. It is an initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) & United.
About United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
Executive Director – Henrietta Holsman Fore
Headquarter – New York, USA
Brand Ambassador – Priyanka Chopra

MoHI&PE Modifies FAME India Phase II Scheme: Aggregation via EESL

The Ministry of heavy industries and public enterprises(MoHI&PE) made partial modifications over the ‘Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in India Phase II’ (FAME India Phase II) scheme, which began on 1 April 2019.The FAME scheme was administered by the department of heavy industries (DHI) MoHI&PE has decided for the aggregation of electric three-wheelers and electric buses component of the scheme via state run Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL), to bring down the cost of electric 3 Wheelers to that of ICE-3 Wheelers. For Electric Buses, EESL will generate demand in 9 cities with over 4 million-plus population like Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Surat and Pune.
About Energy Efficiency Services Ltd (EESL):
EESL is a joint venture of NTPC Ltd, Rural Electrification Corp. Ltd, Power Finance Corp. Ltd and Power Grid Corp. of India Ltd.
Establishment – 2009 (100% owned by government, Ministry of Power)
Headquarters – New Delhi
Chairman – Rajeev Sharma

Rajnath Singh approves Budgetary Support for Defence Innovation & Policy for declassification of War Records

Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh approved INR 498.8 Crore budgetary support to Innovations for Defence Excellence-Defence Innovation Organisation (iDEX-DIO) for the next 5 years for boosting Defence Innovation in India. Through this budgetary support, financial support (grants, funding) will be provided to nearly 300 start-ups/MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises)/Individual Innovators, Research & Development (R&D) institutes & academics & 20 partner incubators under DIO framework. Grants/Funding and other support to carry out R&D development will be provided for the beneficiaries. The scheme is in line with the Government’s decision to cut imports of military hardware and weapons and make India a hub for defence manufacturing.

Economy

HAL-Manufactured 3 ALH Mk-III Helicopters Inducted into ICG

Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar inducted the first 3 of 16 Indigenous Advanced Light Helicopters (ALHs) MK III into Indian Coast Guard (ICG) to assist in coastal surveillance, rescue operations, and further enhance coastal security. ALHs MK III were the state-of-the-art helicopters that are indigenously designed and manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
About Indian Coast Guard (ICG):
Director General Indian Coast Guard (DGICG) – Krishnaswamy Natarajan
Headquarters – New Delhi
About Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL):
Chairman and Managing Director (CMD)– R Madhavan
Headquarter– Bengaluru, Karnataka

India’s Forex Reserve Crossed Record $600 billion-mark for 1st time

According to the weekly statistical data of the Reserve Bank of India(RBI), India’s total foreign exchange (forex) reserves crossed the USD 600 billion mark for the 1st time after increasing by USD 6.842 billion (~44 lakh crore) in the week ended June 4, 2021. It was due to a rise in foreign currency assets (FCA), a major component of the overall reserves.

Sports

Barbora Krejcikova wins both Women’s Singles & Doubles Title of French Open

Barbora Krejcikova (Czech Republic) defeated Anastasia Pavylyunchenkova (Russia) to win the Women’s Singles Title of the French Open. It is her maiden Grand Slam Title, she became the 1st woman from Czech Republic to clinch the French Open Singles title since Hana Mandikolikova in 1981. Barbora along with her partner Katerlina Siniakova (Czech Republic) defeated Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) & Iga Swiatek (Poland) to win the Women’s Doubles Title of French Open 2021. With both wins (singles & doubles), Barbora became the 1st woman since Mary Pierce in 2000 to win the Singles and Doubles Title in the same year at French Open.
Category Winner Runner-up
Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece)
Women’s Singles Barbora Krejcikova (Czech Republic) Anastasia Pavylyunchenkova (Russia)
Men’s Doubles Pierre-Hugues Herbert & Nicolas Mahut (France) Alexander Bublik & Andrey Golubev (Kazakhstan)
Women’s Doubles Barbora Krejcikova & Katerlina Siniakova (Czech Republic) Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) & Iga Swiatek (Poland)
Mixed Doubles Desirae Krawczyk (USA) & Joe Salisbury (UK) Elena Vesnina & Aslan Karatsev (Russia)

Novak Djokovic wins his 2nd French Open Title

Novak Djokovic (Serbia) defeated Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece) to win the Men’s Singles Title French Open 2021. It is Djokovic’s 2nd French Open Title & 19th Grand Slam Title. Djokovic became the 1st player in the Open Era to win all 4 Major Grand Slams twice (which is called a double career Grand Slam).

Tennis: Overview of 125th Edition of French Open 2021

The 125th Edition of French Open 2021 (also known as Roland Garros) took place from May 30-June 13, 2021 at Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. It is the 2nd Grand Slam of 2021 and is a Clay-Court. It is organized by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).

Miscellaneous

Audi extended its Association with Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli as Brand Ambassador

Audi AG, the German automobile manufacturer, has extended its association with Indian Cricketer Virat Kohli as its brand ambassador. Viral Kohli has been the brand ambassador of Audi since 2015 and has been a part of Audi’s marketing and social campaigns. He has featured in Audi’s campaigns like #TogetherWithAudi, #MovingForward.

Naftali Bennett Appointed as the 13th Prime Minister of Israel

Naftali Bennett was sworn in as the 13th Prime Minister of Israel. He succeeds Benjamin Netanyahu who has been serving as the PM of Israel for the past 12 years. Israeli parliament Knesset elected him as the Prime Minister by a 60-59 vote of confidence in the 120-member house.
About Naftali Bennett:
i.Previously Naftali Bennett was a Former minister of Defense under Prime Minister Netanyahu.
ii.He has also served as Minister of Various departments including, Economy, Education, Religious Services and Diaspora Affairs.
iii.He was also a high-tech software entrepreneur.
About Israel:
Capital:Jerusalem
President:Isaac Herzog
Currency: Israeli New Shekel

Rebeca Grynspan Appointed as 1st Woman Secretary-General of UNCTAD

Former Vice President of Costa Rica and Economist Rebeca Grynspan became the first woman secretary-general of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). She was nominated by the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. She is the first woman and Central American to be appointed as UNCTAD’s secretary-general. and will succeed Mukhisa Kituyi of Kenya
About Rebeca Grynspan:
i.Currently Rebeca Grynspan has also been serving as the secretary-general of the Ibero-American General Secretariat.
ii.She previously served as UNDP’s regional director for Latin America and the Caribbean, a member of the high-level panel on financing for development.
iii.She also served as Vice President of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998.
iv.She was also the deputy administrator of the United Nations Development Program.
Headquarters:Geneva, Switzerland
Member countries:195
Deputy Secretary-General: Isabelle Durant

400 colleges, varsities receive ‘One District One Green Champion’ Swachhata award

The Mahatma Gandhi National Council of Rural Education (MGNCRE) released a list of 400 colleges across India that have actively participated in keeping their campuses clean and tidy.Those institutions will receive the ‘One District One Green Champion’ Award by MGNCRE, Union Ministry of Education, under Swachhta Action Plan 2020-21. The Higher Education department of India had initiated the Swachhata rankings to generate competition among higher educational institutions for maintaining hygienic campuses. The ‘One District One Green Champion’ Awards are announced by the collector of the district.

Former Indian Cricketer Vinoo Mankad Inducted into ICC Hall of Fame 2021

The International Cricket Council(ICC) inducted 10 cricket icons, including India’s Vinoo Mankad, into the illustrious ICC Hall of Fame 2021.With this now there are 103 players in the ICC Hall of Fame.
The special edition intake of 10 cricket icons into the ICC Hall of Fame is to celebrate the prestigious history of Test cricket, and to coincide with the first ever ICC World Test Championship Final.
About ICC:
Chairman: Greg Barclay
Chief Executive Officer(CEO): Manu Sawhney
Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Founded: 15 June 1909
Motto: Cricket for good.

Zimbabwean Novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga Wins 2021 PEN Pinter Prize

Noted Zimbabwean novelist Tsitsi Dangarembga has been declared as the winner of the 2021 Pen Pinter Prize for charting the development of Zimbabwe from a British colony to an autocratic and troubled free state through her writing career of 30-years.
She will receive the award at a ceremony hosted by British Library and English PEN in October 2021.
About Tsitsi Dangarembga:
i.Tsitsi Dangarembga was shortlisted for Booker Prize 2020 for her work, ‘This Mournable Body’.
ii.She has also authored the book titled “Nervous Conditions”.
iii.She was arrested in 2020 while she was protesting and taking a stand against corruption.

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