Current Affairs

8 November, 2021

International

Vulnerable Nations doing most to tackle Climate Crisis: UNDP report

In accordance with the report titled ‘The State of Climate Ambition’ 2021 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), vulnerable nations are doing most to tackle the climate crisis while the biggest emitters or richer countries are showing slow response towards climate crisis. Vulnerable countries are often home to the world’s poorest people who are on the frontlines of the climate crisis,

About report:
It provides global assessment of both the pledges already submitted to the UNFCCC as well as ambition intentions of countries that are still planning to submit. It also compares current trends against those that were assessed in the first NDC Global Outlook report in 2019.

UNSC Adopted First of its Kind Resolution on ‘Protecting education From Conflict’

The United Nations Security Council(UNSC) adopted the first of its kind resolution(resolution 2601) on protecting schools and civilians connected with schools including children and teachers during armed conflict. The resolution condems the attacks against schools, children and teachers and urges the conflict parties to safeguard the right to education. It also condemns attacks against schools and hospitals as well as denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflict and all other violations of international law.

Highlights of 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) – PART 1

The 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is being held in Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom (UK) from 31st October – 12 November 2021. Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi Visited the UK to attend the COP26 from November 1 to 2, 2021. The COP 26 is being hosted by the United Kingdom, in partnership with Italy.

India’s 5 Commitments set at COP 26
i.At the summit, the PM has set 5 ambitious targets for India to combat climate change. It includes that India will aim to attain net-zero emissions by 2070.
ii.The PM asserted that India is the only country that is delivering on the commitments on tackling climate change under the Paris Agreement.

S.no Commitment for India
1 To increase India’s non-fossil capacity to 500 gigawatts by 2030
2 To fulfil 50 percent of India’s energy requirements with renewable energy by 2030
3 To reduce 1 billion tonnes of the total projected carbon emission between now and 2030
4 To reduce the Indian economy’s carbon intensity to less than 45% by 2030
5 To achieve the target of net zero emissions by 2070

iii.In order to support vulnerable island nations that are in danger of submerging because of rising sea levels, the PM urged the rich countries to provide $ 1 trillion in climate finance to the developing world to achieve its climate change mitigation targets. The PM also urged to make ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ a global mission.
iv.India’s launch at COP26: At the COP26, PM launched a programme IRIS (Infrastructure for the Resilient Island States), a key India-led initiative to boost infrastructure in small island nations.
v.World’s 1st Green Grids Initiative Launched by Indian and UK
PM Modi and his British counterpart Boris Johnson jointly launched the world’s 1st ‘green Grids’ Initiative, the One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) on the sidelines of the COP26 summit.
vi.Countries pledge to cut methane, deforestation
i.A Global methane pledge was launched to make a 30 percent reduction in global methane emissions from 2020 levels by 2030. The pledge is jointly led by the United States and the European Union. So far, over 90 countries have signed the pledge.
ii.The pledge to stop and reverse deforestation by 2030 (not a formal agreement) was also made in the same manner. Over 100 countries including the U.S., China and Brazil have signed on to it.
About United Kingdom(UK):
Capital – London
Currency – Pound sterling
Prime minister – Boris Johnson

National

UIDAI’s Launched Aadhaar Hackathon 2021 to Celebrate ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’

Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), has organised a Hackathon ‘Aadhaar Hackathon 2021’ to celebrate “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav” and promote the culture of innovation among youth. This is the first-ever event conducted by UIDAI.

Objective:
To find innovative solutions to enhance the experience of the residents and to improve the interface of Aadhaar Enrolment and Authentication Software platforms.
About Aadhaar Hackathon 2021:
Aadhaar Hackathon 2021 was held from 28th October 2021 to 31st October 2021.
More than 5000 innovators from across India participated in the 95 Hours Aadhaar Hackathon 2021.
Theme:
The hackathon consists of multiple problem statements categorised under 2 themes: Theme 1: Address Update Theme 2: Authentication Reimagined

About Unique Identification Authority of India(UIDAI):
UIDAI is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar act 2016 by the Government of India under the MeitY.
CEO– Saurabh Garg
Headquarters– New Delhi

Finance Ministry approves 8.5% return on PF deposits for FY21

he Ministry of Finance approved an 8.5% interest rate on Provident Fund (PF) deposits for 2020-21 (FY21). Now, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) will credit this interest in accounts of active 60 million beneficiaries.

Economy

UNSC Adopted First of its Kind Resolution on ‘Protecting education From Conflict’

The United Nations Security Council(UNSC) adopted the first of its kind resolution(resolution 2601) on protecting schools and civilians connected with schools including children and teachers during armed conflict. The resolution condems the attacks against schools, children and teachers and urges the conflict parties to safeguard the right to education. It also condemns attacks against schools and hospitals as well as denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflict and all other violations of international law.

NCLT Approved GAIL’s acquisition of ILFS’s 26% stake in OTPC

The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) has approved the acquisition of the 26% stake of bankrupt Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services(ILFS) in ONGC Tripura Power Company (OTPC) by GAIL (India) Ltd. The 26% stake are acquired from IL&FS Group companies: IL&FS Energy Development Company Ltd (EDCL) and IL&FS Financial Services Ltd (IFIN). OTPC is a special purpose vehicle between Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), IL&FS Group and Government of Tripura to set up a 726.6 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) thermal power plant at Palatana, Tripura.

Sports

Indian GM P Iniyan won Rujna Zora chess tournament

Indian Grandmaster (GM) P Iniyan has won the 5th Rujna Zora chess tournament held at Serbia. International Master (IM) Makarian Rudik of Russia finished 2nd and another Indian Player V S Raaghul finished 3rd and IM S. Nitin placed 4th. P Iniyan is the 16th Indian Grand Master from Erode, Tamil Nadu. His current International Chess Federation (FIDE) ratings is 2556.

Unmukt Chand becomes the 1st Indian male to sign up for BBL

Unmukt Chand has become the first Indian male cricketer to sign up for the Big Bash League as he is set to feature in the Melbourne Renegades side in the upcoming edition. The 28-year-old, who led India to the Under-19 World Cup title in 2012, has represented India A, apart from featuring in teams like Delhi Daredevils, Mumbai Indians, and Rajasthan Royals in the IPL. He announced his retirement from Indian cricket in August this year stating that he would explore ‘better opportunities from around the world’.

Miscellaneous

China launches 3 Remote Sensing Satellites using Long March-2D

hina successfully placed 3-remote sensing satellites into orbit using the Long March-2D rocket. The satellites belonging to the Yaogan-35 family were launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan province of China. This also marks the 396th mission for the Long March series carrier rockets.

i.Long March rockets, developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, are responsible for almost 96.4% of all Chinese space missions.
ii.Previously in 2019, China made the 300th successful mission using Long March rockets, since its inception in the 1970s.Note – China previously launched the Core module of ‘Tiangong Space Station’ into Space. At present, Tiangong is the alternative to the International Space Station (ISS), which is set to retire in 2024.

About China:
Capital – Beijing
President – Xi Jinping
Currency – Renminbi

Australia to send Rover on Moon in 2024 to search Water

rivate companies in Australia and Canada in collaboration with University of Technology Sydney are all set to send a rover on the moon to hunt water by mid-2024. This will be the first rover with Australian-made components to make it to the Moon. It will be launched through the Hakuto lander made by ispace, a lunar robotic exploration company based in Japan.

Features of Rover:
Developer– ispace
Weight– 10Kg
Measurement– 60x60x50cm
Focus of mission:
To identify regions on the Moon with abundant water sources that can produce more usable water for human consumption, sample processing, mining operations and food growth. This would also set the foundation for the establishment of a manned Moon base for further space exploration.

Static:
i.Moon experiences day and night cycles, just like Earth, but one day on the Moon lasts 29.5 Earth days.
ii.The surface temperatures of the moon reaches up to 127 degree Celsius during the day and falls as low as -173 degree Celsius at night.

Mountaineer Priyanka Mohite to Receive 2020’s Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award

Maharashtra-based, 28-year old mountaineer Priyanka Mohite was selected by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports for the prestigious ‘Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2020’ for outstanding contribution in the field of land adventure.
Achievements
i.She scaled the world’s highest peak Mt Everest, Mt Lhotse and Mt.Makalu
ii.She is the 1st Indian woman to climb Mt Annapurna, the 10th highest mountain peak in the world.
Note – In 2018, Shivangi Pathak, 16-year old, became the youngest Indian woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
Tenzing Norgay National Award 2020
Priyanka is one among the 7-recipients of ‘2020 Tenzing Norgay National Award’ & will receive the award from President Ram Nath Kovind in during the 2021 National Sports Award.

Awardee Category
Priyanka Mangesh Mohite Land Adventure
Jay Prakash Kumar Land Adventure
Col. Amit Bisht Land Adventure
Sheetal Land Adventure
Srikaanth Viswanathan Water Adventure
Lt. Col. Servesh Dhadwal Air Adventure
Jai Kishan Life Time Achievement

About Tenzing Norgay National Award:
i.Established in 1994 as ‘National Adventure Award’, later renamed as ‘Tenzing Norgay National Award’ in 2002. Tenzing Norgay is regarded as the 1st person to scale Mount Everest.
ii.It is the highest National award in the field of adventure on land, sea and air, which is equivalent to the Arjuna Award.

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