Current Affairs

7 November, 2021


UNEP’s Sustainable Urban Cooling Report : Cities will be Too Hot to Live

Beating the Heat: Sustainable Urban Cooling Handbook report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) indicates that cities will be the hotspots, if global warming continues. The temperature increases due to the Urban heat island effect by an average of 4 degree celsius by 2100.Many cities could warm as much as 4 °C if GHG emissions continue at high levels at the end of the century. High temperatures affect productivity, water quality, and increase air pollution. The report was launched during the UN Climate Conference (COP26) by the Cool Coalition, UNEP, RMI, the Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy (GCoM), Mission Innovation and the Clean Cooling Collaborative.

UK launches 1st Commemorative Coin featuring Mahatma Gandhi

The Government of the United Kingdom (UK) unveiled a £5 coin to commemorate Mahatma Gandhi on the occasion of Diwali. This is the 1st time the UK government is releasing a coin on Mahatma Gandhi. Rishi Sunak, Chancellor of UK, chose the final design for the coin. It is the first time Mahatma Gandhi has been commemorated on an official UK coin.

Features of Coin:

Coin Designer – Heena Glover

Image in Coin – Lotus Flower

Quote in Coin – ‘My Life is my message’

The coin is available both in Gold and Silver.

Note – Annually, 2nd October is observed as the International Non-Violence day by the United Nation, marking the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
Main features:
i.The design of the coin builds on enhancing the relationship and cultural connection between the UK and India.
ii.It is a part of the Royal Mint Advisory Committee’s wider Diwali collection. Which includes 1gram and 5gram gold bars in henna-style packaging. This is the first gold bar from the UK, which depicts Goddess Lakshmi. The 20gram Lakshmi Gold bar was designed in partnership with the Hindu community in South Wales
About United Kingdom:
Prime Minister- Borris Johnson
Capital – London
Currency – Pound sterling

Climate Risks remain even if World Limits Warming to 1.5 deg C: 6th Adaptation Gap Report by UNEP

i.During the ongoing 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, aka COP26 (Conference of Parties) in Glasgow, Scotland, a report titled ‘The Adaptation Gap Report 2021: The Gathering Storm’ by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was released. It was the 6th edition of the Adaptation Gap Report.
ii.The report states that if the world limits warming to 1.5°C, many climate risks remain and will be irreversible.
iii.Currently the warming level is at 1.1°C which resulted in climate-related devastation in 2021 ranging from floods in Europe and China, heatwaves in Pacific North West, wildfires in Greece and floods and monsoon variabilities in India.
About UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme):
Executive Director– Inger Andersen
Headquarters– Nairobi, Kenya


DoT Formed a Technology Innovation Group on 6G; Chaired by K Rajaraman, Telecom Secretary

The Department of Telecommunications (DoT), under the Ministry of Communications, has formed a technology innovation group on the Sixth Generation (6G), to take lead in the development of 6G Technology globally.

K. Rajaraman, Chairman Digital Communications Commission & Secretary(Telecom) has been named the chairperson of the initiative. Technology Innovation Group is a 22 member group.

To create vision and objectives as well as develop a roadmap for research and development (R&D), pre-standardisation, development of applications and products, and action plans for 6G technology.
About Ministry of Communications:
Union Minister– Ashwini Vaishnaw(Rajya Sabha- Odisha)
Minister of State– Devusinh Chauhan(Constituency- Kheda, Gujarat)

India-Bhutan issues LoE to add 7 Entry-Exit Trade Points

India and Bhutan formalised seven additional entry – exit points for trade through Letters of Exchange (LoE) issued during the Commerce Secretary level meeting between the countries that discussed Trade & Transit issues.This formalisation is a part of measures to increase trade connectivity. The Indian delegation was led by Department of Commerce Secretary BVR Subrahmanyam, and the Bhutanese delegation was led by Dasho Karma Tshering, Secretary, Bhutan Ministry of Economic Affairs. Key Participants – BVR Subrahmanyam, Secretary, Department of Commerce – India & Dasho Karma Tshering, Secretary, Bhutan Ministry of Economic Affairs

Note – Bhutan shares a total of 699 kms long border with 4 Indian states – Assam (267 km – longest), Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal & Sikkim
i.The seven Entry-Exit points become an addition to the protocol of the 2016 India-Bhutan Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit which will facilitate bilateral trade between two countries.
7 Entry-Exit Point:
i.Nagrakata Land customs station – No Commodity restriction
ii.Entry-exit point – Agartala Land Customs station; Birpara; Kamardwisa
iii.Entry-Exit Point with Cross border control at Dhubri: Jogighopa port, Pandu port (Guwahati Steamerghat)

iv.Asian Highway 48 connecting Torsa Tea Garden in India & Allay in Bhutan as an additional route corresponding to the Land Customs Station at Jaigaon
About Bhutan
Capital – Thimphu
Currency – Ngultrum
Prime Minister – Lotay Tshering

5th Ganga Utsav 2021-The River Festival held virtually; Ganga Atlas developed by IIT Kanpur Launched

i.The annual ‘Ganga Utsav 2021-The River Festival’ was organized virtually on November 1-3 by National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) to mark the anniversary of announcement of River Ganga as the ‘National River’ i.e. November 4th.
ii.This year marked the 5th edition of the festival which was celebrated under the leadership of Union Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Ministry of Jal Shakti, as a part of the ongoing celebrations for 75 years of Independence and Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav.
iii.The minister launched the ‘Ganga Atlas: River of the Past’ developed by Prof Rajiv Sinha, IIT Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (UP).
About National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, is a society registered on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It acts as the implementation arm of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). Aim- To clean Ganges and its tributaries.
Director General– Rajiv Ranjan Mishra
Headquarters– Delhi


Bandhan Bank appointed as “Agency Bank” of RBI to Conduct Govt. Business

In November 2021, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) appointed Bandhan Bank, a scheduled private bank, as an “Agency Bank” for undertaking government business. Bandhan Bank will now be authorised to handle transactions related to GST (Goods & Services Tax), VAT (Value Added Tax) & other functions on behalf of Central & State governments.

Note – In May 2021, RBI issued guidelines to authorise scheduled private sector banks as ‘agency banks’ to conduct government business.
About Bandhan Bank:
Bandhan Bank was established in 2015, prior to which it functioned as a NGO since 2001.
MD & CEO- Chandra Shekhar Ghosh
Headquarters – Kolkata, West Bengal
About Reserve Bank of India (RBI):
Governor -Shaktikanta Das (25th Governor)
Headquarters- Mumbai, Maharashtra
Founded– 1 April 1935


Dwayne Bravo retirement: West Indies star all-rounder retires from international cricket- Get his batting, bowling stats here

Dwayne Bravo retirement: West Indies star all-rounder and former captain Dwayne Bravo announced his retirement from international cricket on November 6, 2021, after West Indies ended its T20 World Cup 2021 campaign following its defeat against Australia in the final Super 12 stage match.

The legendary bowler announced that he will be retiring from the sport in his post-match statement. He said, “Being around the international circuit to represent my country for, let’s say, 18 years – 18 years, I’m very grateful to represent the West Indies for so long. There are some strong friendships with great people and some great players, and I’m very lucky to be playing this game.”


China Launches world’s first Earth Science Satellite, Guangmu-1 or SDGSAT-1

China sent world’s first Earth-science satellite, Guangmu-1 or SDGSAT-1 on November 5, 2021 into space from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in the northern Shanxi Province. Guangmu-1 was launched by a Long March-6(LM-6) carrier rocket or also known as CZ-6 (Chang Zheng-6) which is the 395th flight mission. SDGSAT-1 is the first satellite customized according to the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which adopted in 2015 with 17 SDGs for peace and prosperity. China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) launched the mission and SDGSAT-1 was developed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

DRDO & IAF conducts 2 successful flight tests of ‘SAAW’

The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Air Force (IAF) have successfully carried out two flight tests of indigenously-developed Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW).The weapon was launched from IAF aircraft at Chandan ranges in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan on October 28 and November 3.
i.The two flight tests have been conducted using 2 different configurations – Satellite Navigation and Electro-optical sensors. This is the 1st time that India has conducted a Bomb test using Electro-optical sensors, which was also developed indigenously.

ii.The SAAW is capable of carrying a warhead of 125 kilograms (kgs) with a precision target hitting range of 100 kms.
About Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO):
Headquarters-New Delhi, Delhi
Founded- 1958
Chairman-Dr. G Satheesh Reddy

Indian-origin Canadian Anita Anand Sworn-in as Canada’s 43rd Defence Minister

Anita Anand (54 years), an Indian-origin Canadian has been sworn in as the 43rd Defence Minister of Canada replacing Harjit Sajjan, who has been appointed as the Minister of International Development Agency. She is the 2nd Woman to hold this position following the former Canadian Prime Minister Kim Campbell, who held the post for 5 months in 1993. She is the first Hindu Canadian to become a federal cabinet minister

Anita Anand, born in rural Nova Scotia, Canada, was first elected as the Member of Parliament for Oakville in 2019.
She has previously served as Minister of Public Services and Procurement.

South African author Damon Galgut bags Booker Prize 2021

South African author Damon Galgut has won the prestigious Booker Prize 2021 for fiction for his novel ‘The Promise’. It was his ninth book that states the decline of one dutch family in South Africa over four decades from the apartheid era to the present day. It is a tale of a troubled Afrikaner family and its broken promise to a Black employee. With this recognition, Damon Galgut won 50,000 pounds $69,000) as an award amount. Booker prize is the world’s most prestigious literary honours which is also called Oscars of world literature.

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