Current Affairs

22 December, 2019

International

India leads world in pollution-linked deaths with about 2.3 million in 2017: GAHP Report

According to the new report, “2019 Pollution and Health Metrics: Global, Regional and Country Analysis” released by Global Alliance on Health and Pollution (GAHP), India leads the world with about 2.3 million (23,26,771 deaths) in 2017 in terms of premature deaths due to pollution.India is followed by China (18,65,566 deaths) & Nigeria (2,79,318 deaths). The United States (US), the world’s third most populous country with 325 million people, stood at 7th position (1,96,930 deaths).

Pollution death per 1 lakh population:  In terms of total untimely deaths per 1 lakh population due to pollution, Chad ranks 1st  with 287 deaths, followed by Central African Republic (251) & North Korea (202) .while India ranks 10th  in this list with (174).

National

92nd Annual Convention of FICCI held in New Delhi 

The 92nd Annual Convention of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) was conducted in New Delhi from December 20-21,2019. The Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan addressed the 92nd convention.The theme for the year 2019 was “India: Roadmap to a $5 trillion economy”.
About Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI):
Formation- 1927
Headquarters- New Delhi.
President- Sandip Somany.
Founder- Ghanshyam Das Birla & Purshottamdas Thakurdas.

2nd National Conference on Uniformed Women in Prisons Administration held at Madhya Pradesh

The Second National Conference on Uniformed Women in Prisons Administration was held at Central Academy for Police Training on 19-20 December 2019 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The conference was inaugurated by the Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai.
The Madhya Pradesh Jail Department along with the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) of New Delhi organized the conference.

AP topped in organizing Fit India School Week; above 21,000 schools received FIT India flag

Andhra Pradesh(AP) topped the list for organising Fit India Week in schools. So far, AP has organised the Fit India Week in 13,839 schools. AP was followed by Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh ranked 2nd & 3rd by organising the programme in 1,967 and 1,504 schools respectively. Overall the programme was organised in 26,845 schools.
FIT India flag: 
21,344 schools obtained the Fit India Flag. Again AP topped the list obtaining 8,117 flags. It was followed by Karnataka in the second rank.

2nd follow-up committee meet by India, Afghan & Iran on Chabahar pact held in New Delhi

The 2nd meeting of the Follow-up Committee for implementing trilateral Chabahar Agreement between India, Afghanistan and Iran was held in New Delhi. The meeting was held at the level of Joint Secretary/ Director General.
Agreement to include Mormugoa and New Mangalore Port from India:
During the meeting, it was agreed to include Mormugao(Goa) and New Mangalore Port(Karnataka) from India in addition to JNPT (Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust), Mundra(Gujarat), Kandla(Gujarat) and Cochin(Kerala) ports as part of designated route under the Chabahar Agreement.

Wipro & Nasscom jointly launches “Future Skills” platform to upskill 10,000 students

Software major Wipro has partnered with Indian IT (Information Technology) industry apex body, NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies) to launch ‘Future Skills’ platform to train 10,000 students from over 20 engineering colleges in India with new age technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), big data, cloud computing, cyber security and internet of things (IoT).
About Wipro:
Founded– 29 December 1945
Headquarters– Bangalore, Karnataka
Founder– Mohammed Hashim Premji
Chairman– Rishad Premji
AboutNasscom:
Formation– 1 March 1988
Headquarters– Noida, Uttar Pradesh
President– Debjani Ghosh

PM Modi at the annual conference of ASSOCHAM

PM Modi addressed the annual meeting of the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) in New Delhi. This is to celebrate the 100 years of ASSOCHAM.
Theme:  New India Aspiring for 5 trillion USD
PM target’s to achieve 5 Trillion Dollar Economy in upcoming days. He also said that the corporate tax was the lowest ever since this time and this will boost the economic growth in the country. He also spoke about the Labor Reforms and sweeping reforms in the Banking Sector to make it more transparent and profitable.
He also said that the Government would invest 100 Lakh Crore Rupees in the infrastructural sector and another 25 Lakh Crore Rupees in the Rural Sector in order to achieve the target.
About ASSOCHAM:
Founded- 1921
Headquarters- New Delhi
President- Balkrishan Goenka

Principal Scientific Adviser launched “EChO Network” in New Delhi

Prof. Krishnasamy VijayRaghavan, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Govt of India launched a national program called “EChO Network” in New Delhi. The EChO network provides a template for cross-disciplinary leadership in India. The purpose of this programme is to bring citizens, govt etc to solve problems in the areas of research knowledge, and awareness of Indian ecology and the environment.

Function: EChO Network will develop a national network to catalyse a new generation of Indians who can make use of interdisciplinary concepts and handle real-world problems in the field of medicine, agriculture, ecology, and technology.

External affairs ministry relaxed guidelines for reissuing of OCI card

The Ministry of External Affairs(MEA), relaxed certain guidelines for Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI). The relaxation is for reissuing of passport for those people aged below 20 years and those aged above 50 years. The relaxation which is temporary has been granted till June 30, 2020.

OCI card holder below the age of 20: The card holder below 20 years of age who has not got his/her OCI card reissued on change of passport, can travel with the strength of existing OCI card bearing old passport no. He/She is also subjected to the condition that along with new passport, old passport should also be carried as mentioned in the OCI card.

2nd Committee meet to commemorate Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary held in New Delhi

The President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind presided the 2nd meeting of National Committee for Commemoration of the 150th Birth anniversary (October 2) of Mahatma Gandhi ‘Gandhi@150’ which was held in New Delhi.

Ebook launched: During the committee meeting the President Shri Kovind received 1st copies of ebook on commemorative activities. The e-book was compiled by the Ministry of Culture(MoC).

Anthology launched: An anthology (collection of poems or collection of writing)on Gandhi compiled by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) from the Prime Minister(PM) formally released them.

Economy

In a first, RBI brings US-style ‘operation twist’ to reduce long-term interest rates

India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to conduct simultaneous sale and purchase of government bonds under the Open Market Operations (OMO) mechanism, a concept similar to “Operation Twist” that was last adopted by the US (United States) Federal Reserve in 2013.
So, the RBI will buy bonds worth Rs 10,000 crore of 6.45% maturing in the year 2029 and issuing bonds worth Rs 10,000 crore maturing in the year 2020.

Sports

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Miscellaneous

Ethiopia Launches First Satellite Named ETRSS-1 from China

The Ethiopian Remote Sensing Satellite-1 or ETRSS-1, was sent into space by a Chinese Long March 4B carrier rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in North China.
ETRSS-1 is Africa’s 41st satellite in space and the third East African satellite. Ethiopia is now the 11th African nation to launch a satellite into space by joining the ranks of Algeria, Angola, Egypt, Ghana, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa and Sudan.

US Prez Trump elects Indian-American scientist Sethuraman as director of NSF

n December 20, 2019, The United States (US) President Donald Trump has chosen Indian-American computer scientist, Sethuraman Panchanathan (58) as director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) of America.
He will succeed France Anne-Dominic Cordova, who retires in 2020 after completing her 6-year term as director of the institution.
About National Science Foundation (NSF):
Formation– May 10, 1950
Headquarters– Virginia, U.S
Motto– Where Discoveries Begin
This body assisting research in all non-medical fields including science and engineering. Its medical counterpart, National Institute of Health (NIH) is a separate institution to work in the field of medicine.

Three proposals got automatic approval under CCI Green Channel

The Competition Commission of India (CCI), obtained 3 Green Channel Combinations under automatic approval. The approval was done under the sub-section (2) of Section 6 of the Competition Act, 2002 (Act) read with regulation 5A of the Competition Commission of India, Regulations, 2011.
3 combinations that received approval:

Combination 1: 100% acquisition of both IDBI Asset Management Ltd (IAML) and IDBI MF Trustee Company Ltd (IMTL) by Muthoot Finance Ltd (MFL).

Rafael Nadal, Ashleigh Barty named ITF World Champions for 2019        

International Tennis Federation (ITF) honoured eleven players in annual awards including Singles, Doubles, Wheelchair and Juniors. The ITF has announced that Rafael Nadal of Spain and Ashleigh Barty of Australia have been named 2019 ITF World Champions in Singles.
This award’s will be given at the 2020 ITF world champions Dinner on Tuesday 2nd June, in Paris.

Nadal claimed the season-ending ITF world title for the fourth time after sealing an historic 12th French Open and a fourth U.S. Open, as well as helping Spain to their sixth Davis Cup title.
WINNERS OF THE EVENT

CATEGORY     WINNER
Men Singles  Spain Rafael Nadal
Women Singles  Australia’s Ashleigh Barty
Women Doubles Timea Babos of Hungary and Kristina Mladenovic of France
 Men Doubles Colombia’s Juan Sebastian Cabal and Robert Farah
 Men’s Wheelchair  Argentina’s Gustavo Fernandez
 Women’s Wheelchair  Netherland’s Diede de Groot
 Quad  Australia’s Dylan Alcott

About ITF:
Headquarters- London, United Kingdom.
President- David Haggerty.

Aditya became 1st child from Kerala to receive Bharat Award for bravery

The Bharat award for bravery was announced. Aditya K. of Ramanattukara, Kozhikode, Kerala became the first child from the State to receive the highest honour award for bravery, the Bharat award. He was awarded for saving 20 people from a burning bus on the move. The awards will be presented by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi at the Republic Day event in New Delhi on January 26,2020.
About Kerala:
Chief Minister- Pinarayi Vijayan.
Governor- Arif Mohammad Khan.
Capital- Thiruvananthapuram.
Rivers- Cheruthoni river, Bharathapuzha river, Pamba river, Chalakudy river, Parambikulam river.

Archaeologist R. Nagaswamy was honoured at the Silver Jubilee International Conference of Art in Dhaka

Archaeologist R. Nagaswamy was honoured at the Silver Jubilee International Conference of Art in Dhaka by Bangladesh culture minister K.M.Khalid for his contribution to art, archaeology, history and culture.
About R.Nagaswamy:

Ramachandran Nagaswamy is an Indian historian, archaeologist and epigraphist.

He served as the founder-director of Tamilnadu Archaeology Department.

In 2018 he was awarded India’s third highest civilian award Padma Bhushan.

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