Current Affairs

2 December, 2019


Saudi Arabia becomes 1st Arab nation to assume the G20 presidency

Saudi Arabia became the first country in the Arab world to head G20 (Group of 20) after it took over from Japan. The G20 summit for 2020 will be held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia under the theme of “Realising Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”, from 21-22 November,2020. It will also focus on three aims namely, empowering people, safeguarding the planet, and shaping new frontiers.
About G20:
Formation– 26 September 1999
Purpose– Bring together systemically important industrialized and developing economies to discuss key issues in the global economy.
Membership– 20 members (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States & and the European Union)


20th Edition of Hornbill festival began in Nagaland on December 1

The 20th edition of the Hornbill festival began in Heritage Kisama, an Amphitheatre in Kohima, Nagaland, it is also the 57th Statehood Day of Nagaland. The festival is organized by Nagaland Government and is celebrated for the promotion of tourism and for the exhibition of the state’s tradition and culture.
About Nagaland:
Deputy Chief Minister(CM)- Yanthungo Patton
Capital- Kohima
Largest City- Dimapur
Number of Districts- 12

Konark Festival & International Sand Art Festival 2019 begins in Odisha with colorful presentations

Odisha Governor Ganeshi Lal has inaugurated the 5-day long 30th edition of Konark festival, a showcase of Odisha’s art, culture and tradition has started in Odisha. The theme of the festival is based on eco-tourism, culture, Fairs, women empowerment, and no to plastic and heritage.
About Odisha:
Capita– Bhubaneswar
Chief minister– Naveen Patnaik

A 2-day conference on ‘Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat’ with a focus on ‘Jal shakti’ and ‘Disaster management’ held in Jammu

Dr Jitendra Singh, the Minister of State (MoS) for Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, has inaugurated the 2-day Regional Conference on ‘Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat’ with focus on ‘Jal Shakti and Disaster Management’, organized by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) in association with Governments of Tamil Nadu and Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir, held in Jammu.
About Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat:
It is a scheme launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 31st October 2016.It launched an initiative to boost the cultural connection between the states, in which one state of the country will connect to other states of the country on annual basis and both will promote the rich tradition of each other through events like song and dance festivals, food festivals,etc.

India becomes the 1st country in the world to make Haj 2020 process completely digital

As per the Union Minister of Minority Affairs Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, India has become the 1st country where the entire process of Haj 2020 has gone 100% digital after he signed a bilateral agreement for the pilgrimage with the Saudi Haj Minister Dr Mohammad Saleh bin Taher Benten in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia on December 1, 2019.
About Haj:
It is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims.
About Saudi Arabia:
Capital– Riyadh
Currency– Saudi riyal
King– Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud

Govt extended mandatory FASTag rollout deadline to December 15,2019

The government has extended the deadline for enrolling to the mandatory FASTag for toll payments on national highways to December 15, 2019. Previously the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways(MoRT&H) announced December 1, 2019 as the deadline for enrolment.
About FASTags:
Fact1- FASTags are prepaid rechargeable tags developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) to meet the electronic tolling requirements in India.
Fact2- The FASTag will be affixed on the windscreen of the vehicle for toll collection.

7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint military & Army exercise “MITRA SHAKTI 2019” begins in Pune, Maharashtra The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint Military & Army Exercise MITRA SHAKTI–VII: 2019 has started at Aundh Military Station, Pun

The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint Military & Army Exercise MITRA SHAKTI–VII: 2019 has started at Aundh Military Station, Pune, Maharashtra with the aim to build and promote positive relations between the armies of India and Sri Lanka.
The exercise will be conducted for 14 days upto 14 December 2019& will involve sharing and learning from each others experiences.
About Mitra Shakti:
Started in 2013, exercise Mitra Shakti is in continuation of a series of joint exercises that is conducted annually as part of military diplomacy to enhance cooperation between the armies of India & Sri Lanka.

1st ‘two-plus-two’ dialogue between India & Japan held in New Delhi

Inaugural meeting of India-Japan Foreign and Defence Ministerial Dialogue, which is the “two-plus-two” (2+2) dialogue between India and Japan, was held in New Delhi. The dialogue was held with the aim of boosting bilateral security and defence cooperation and is expected to strengthen “India-Japan Special Strategic and Global Partnership”.
About Japan:
Capital- Tokyo (also the largest city).
Currency- Japanese yen.
Emperor- Naruhito.
Era- Reiwa.


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1st night trial of Agni-III Missile held at Abdul Kalam island ITR, Odisha

The first night trial of the nuclear capable Agni-III surface-to-surface ballistic missile was carried out from a mobile launcher at the Integrated Test Range(ITR) at APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.
The night trial was conducted by the Strategic Forces Command of the Indian Army(IA) with logistic support from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The maiden night trial however, was a failure, due to some manufacturing defect.
About Indian Army(IA):
Founded- 1 April 1895.
Headquarters- New Delhi
Motto- “Service Before Self”
Commander-in-Chief- President Ram Nath Kovind.
Chief of Army Staff- General Bipin Rawat.

Iraq PM Adel Abdul mahdi announces resignation

Iraq’s Prime Minister (PM) Abdul Mahdi has resigned from his post after heavy protests. He has taken this decision after more than 40 people were killed by security forces in Baghdad and Iraq’s mainly Shia southern cities of Nasiriya and Najaf in anti-government protests.
About Iraq:
Capital– Baghdad
Currency– Iraqi dinar
President– Barham Salih

Masatsugu Asakawa elected as the 10th President of Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Masatsugu Asakawa was elected as the 10th President of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) by the Board of Governors of the ADB. Asakawa will be assuming office on January 17, 2020, after the resignation of Takehiko Nakao, the current President of ADB. Asakawa will finish the term of Nakao on November 23, 2021.
About Asian Development Bank (ADB):
Headquarters- Ortigas Center, Mandaluyong
President- Takehiko Nakao
Formation- 19 December 1966

Hari mohan got appointed as chairman of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)

Shri Hari Mohan, a 1982-batch Indian Ordnance Factories’ Service (I.O.F.S.) officer has taken over as the new chairman of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB). He succeeds Shri Saurabh Kumar who has superannuated from the services.
About Ordnance Factory Board (OFB):
Founded– 1712
Headquarters– Ayudh Bhawan, Kolkata, West Bengal

Soma Roy Burman appointed as the 24th Controller General of Accounts (CGA) and 7th woman CGA

Soma Roy Burman was appointed as the 24th Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure, Soma Burman is also the 7th woman to be in that post.

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