National

NATIONAL

Train 18: India’s first engineless train set for trials

India released its first semi-high speed train called- Train 18.

It is a 16-coach prototype without a locomotive (engine) that will travel at a speed of up to 160 kmph.

It was developed by the city-based Integral Coach Factory, Chennai in 18 months as part of the ‘Make In India’ initiative.

 

Conference on Innovation in Cyberspace, Cyber Security Challenges & Innovations organized by DRDO

Defence Research and Development Organization, DRDO organized a day-long conference on Innovation in Cyberspace, Cyber Security – Challenges and Innovations,held in DRDO Bhawan,NewDelhi.

Secretary, Department of Defence, Research and Development, and Chairman, DRDO,

Dr G Satheesh Reddy stressed on work on the cyberspace area.

Gujarat CM Rupani launched Ghogha-Dahej Ro-Pax service

Chief Minister Vijay Rupani launched the “Ro-Pax” (roll on/off-passenger) ferry service connecting Ghogha in Saurashtra and Dahej in south Gujarat.

The inaugural vessel- Voyage Symphony was flagged off from the RORO terminal at Ghogha, Bhavnagar and will pass through the Gulf of Cambay.

It will cut the distance between Ghogha and Dahej via sea route to just 30 kilometres from 300 kms and reduce the time from 10-12 hours to 1.5 hours.

Background:
In October 2017, PM Narendra Modi launched passenger ferry — Island Jade between Ghogha (Bhavnagar district) and Dahej (Bharuch district).

Gujarat:
♦ Capital: Gandhinagar.
♦ Chief Minister: Vijay Rupani.
♦ Governor: Om Prakash Kohli.

Nicknames:
♦ Ahmedabad: India’s First world heritage city, Manchester of India, Boston of India.
♦ Baroda(Vadodara): Banyan City, Power Hub of India, Cultural capital of Gujarat.

 

Punjab, Centre joined hands in war against stubble burning

Punjab and central government joined hands to stop stubble burning and took up responsibilities educate farmers against it through various departments.

Goods and Services Tax (GST) Commissionerate in Ludhiana purchased 2 seeder machines and given them to Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), Samrala.

Punjab State Power Corporation (PSPCL) deputed their officials to talk to farmers.

CII in collabration with ReNew Power, an independent power producer, took up a project, ‘Clean air better life’ to make 5,000 acres stubble-burning free.

They also took up the task to educate 500 big farmers.

International

INTERNATIONAL

World’s largest airport ‘under one roof’ opened in Istanbul, Turkey

The world’s largest airport terminal under one roof with a capacity to serve 90 million passengers was opened in Istanbul, Turkey.

It has been constructed as a part of the phase-1A of the project – Istanbul New Airport.

It has been constructed by – IGA and the first phase costed 7.5 billion Euro.

The airport has been envisioned to have a total capacity of up to 200 million passengers, once all four phases are completed in the next 10 years.

Turkey:
♦ Capital: Ankara.
♦ Currency: Turkish lira.

Economy&Finance

ECONOMY AND FINANCE

India topped as Asia’s most investment savvy economy: Standard Chartered

According to a new Standard Chartered study-‘The Emerging Affluent Study 2018– Climbing the Prosperity Ladder’, India is Asia’s most investment savvy economy.

India’s Standing:

More than two-thirds of the country’s affluent class prefer to use various investment products to achieve their financial goals.

Overall, in India,

  • ‘supercharged’ social mobility amounted to 11%,
  • Social Mobility amounted to 56% and
  • The rest (33%) were not socially mobile.

Standard Chartered Bank:
♦ Headquarters: London.
♦ Chairman: Jose Vinals.
♦ CEO: Bill Winters.

 

WhatsApp, CII collaborated to train SMEs, entrepreneurs in India

Whatsapp partnered with Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) to train small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurs on using the messaging platform.

To help connect and grow the SMe businesses through the social messaging platform.

This will be done through CII’s SME Technology Facilitation Centre that was set up in November 2016.

Background:
Over three million people are already using the WhatsApp Business app globally.

CII:
♦ Headquarters:  New Delhi.
♦ President: Mr. Rakesh Bharti Mittal.

Sports

SPORTS

Asian Hockey Champions Trophy (Men’s Hockey): India & Pakistan declared joint winners,Akashdeep Singh best player of the tournament

India and Pakistan jointly won the Asian Hockey Champions Trophy title in Muscat, Oman.India’s Akashdeep Singh was adjudged player of the tournament.

India remained unbeaten throughout the tournament after winning over: Oman (11-0), Pakistan (3-1), Japan (9-0) and South Korea (4-1) and a game with Malaysia ended in a goalless draw.

Pakistan was defeated only by India. It had won over: South Korea (3-1), Oman (1-8), Malaysia (1-0) and a game against Japan ended in a 1-1 tie.

Earlier, India had won the Asian Hockey Champions Trophy in 2011 and 2016.

2018 ITTF Challenge Belgium Open in De Haan, Belgium

From 23 to 27 October 2018, 2018 (ITTF) International Table Tennis Federation Challenge Belgium Open, was held in De Haan, Belgium.

Key Points:

India’s Ayhika Mukherjee won silver medal in the under-21 women’s singles category. She lost 1-3 to Korea’s Youjin Kim in the final.

India’s Anthony Amalraj and Sanil Shetty won bronze medal in the men’s doubles.

Kenyan distance runner Abraham Kiptum wins Valencia race

Kenyan distance runner Abraham Kiptum won the men’s race at the Valencia Half Marathon in Spain with a new world best time of 58 mins 18 sec for the half-marathon.

 

Maverick Vinales Wins Australian MotoGP

Spanish rider Maverick Viñales won the Australian MotoGP in Australia.

Key Points:

This is Maverick Viñales’s (Yamaha) first title of the season, who finished in 40mins 51.081 secs.

Italy’s Andrea Iannone (Suzuki) came second in 40:52,624. Third position was occupied by Italy’s Andrea Dovizioso (Ducati) in 40:52.913.

 

Miscellaneous

APPOINTMENTS & RESIGNS

Michael D Higgins re-elected as Irish president for second term

Michael D Higgins was re-elected as Irish president for the 2nd term.

He won the election after receiving 56% of the country’s election vote.

Businessman Peter Casey came second with 23.1%.

Ireland:
♦ Capital: Dublin.
♦ Currency: Euro.
♦ Prime Minister: Leo Varadkar.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

China, France launch satellite to study climate change

The first Franco-Chinese satellite was launched into orbit to study ocean surface winds and waves, aboard a Long March 2C carrier rocket, from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in Gobi Desert, China.

About France:
♦ Capital – Paris
♦ Currency – Euro, CFP franc
♦ Official language – French
♦ President – Emmanuel Macron
♦ Prime Minister – Édouard Philippe

World’s first bio-brick grown from human urine

Researchers from the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa have developed the world’s first bio-brick grown from human urine.

The bio-bricks are created through a natural process called microbial carbonate precipitation.

IMPORTANT DAYS

World Savings Day or World Thrift day – October 31

On 31st October 2018, World Savings Day or World Thrift day was celebrated all over the world.

When: On October 31, 1924, World Savings Day or World Thrift day, was established during the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks) in Milano, Italy.

In India due to the death of late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on October 31, 1984, this day is celebrated on 30th October.

Why: This day creates awareness among people about the importance of saving their money in a bank.

World Cities Day

October 31 is celebrated as World Cities Day.

The general theme of World Cities Day is Better City, Better Life.

It was designated by the United Nations General Assembly by its resolution 68/239.

It promotes the international community’s interest in global urbanization, addressing challenges of urbanization, and contributing to sustainable urban development around the world.

The main event of this years ‘World Cities Day’ was celebrated in Liverpool, UK.

United Nations General Assembly:
♦ Headquarters: New York, USA.
♦ President: María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés
♦ Member states: 193.

Thought of the Day 

“Stop waiting for things to happen, go out and make them happen”


Quiz based on Daily Current Affairs 30th Oct 2018

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