National

National

Niwari inducted as the 52nd district of Madhya Pradesh

The state Cabinet of Madhya Pradesh approved the proposal of induction of Niwari district in the state.
It became the 52nd district of the state.
IAS officer Akshay Kumar Singh has been appointed as the first interim District Collector of the district.
Madhya Pradesh:
♦ Capital: Bhopal.
♦ Chief Minister: Shivraj Singh Chouhan.
♦ Governor: Anandiben Patel.

National Parks in Madhya Pradesh:

♦ Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhav National Park, Panna National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park.

Wage Compensation scheme for Pregnant Women in tea gardens of state of Assam launched in Guwahati, Assam

Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal launched Wage Compensation scheme for Pregnant Women in tea gardens of the state in Guwahati.

Assam:

♦ Capital: Dispur.
♦ Chief Minister:  Sarbananda Sonowal.
♦ Governor: Jagdish Mukhi.
♦ National Parks: Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park (UNESCO Natural World Herigate Site), Orang National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.
♦ Airports: Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Dibrugarh Airport, Jorhat Airport, Tezpur Airport, Silchar Airport.

Odisha launched its State Food Security Scheme covering 25 lakh poor people on Gandhi Jayanti

The Odisha government launched its own State Food Security Scheme (SFSS).
These people were not covered under National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA).

Odisha:

♦ Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik.
♦ Governor: Prof. Ganeshi Lal.
♦ Lakes : Chilika Lake, Kanjia Lake, Anshupa Lake, Balimela Reservoir.
♦ Dams: Rengali Dam, Kala dam, Pitamahal Dam, Kansbahal Dam, Tikhali Dam, Deras Dam, Salia Dam, Ghodahada Dam, Kuanria Dam.
♦ Festivals: Kalinga Mahotsav, Chandan Yatra, Durga Puja, Konark Dance Festival, Rath Yatra, Deepabali, Kumar Purnima.

International

International

India ranked 5th in pictorial warnings on cigarette packets: Canadian Cancer Society

According to a report released by the Canadian Cancer Society named Cigarette Package Health Warnings: International Status Report 2018, India ranked 5th among 206 countries.
This was released in Geneva at the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Canadian Cancer Society:

Headquarters: Toronto , Canada.

IMF, World Bank and WTO launched Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth Report

A report — ‘Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth’ — was released by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and World Trade Organization. 

Background:
This comes at a time when US President Donald Trump took a tough stand on the H-1B visas issue, a move which has badly hit Indian IT companies and skilled professionals.

Business-Economy

Business & Economy

Paytm tops UPI payments with over 33% market share

Alibaba and SoftBank-backed Paytm became the leading contributor to Unified Payments Interface (UPI) payments with over 33% of overall market share.

Paytm:

♦ Founded: 2010.
♦ Founder: Vijay Shekhar Sharma.
♦ Parent Company: One97 Communiations.
♦ Headquarters: Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

BSE, the first exchange to launch of gold, silver contracts

BSE became the first stock exchange in the country to launch the commodity derivative contracts in gold and silver.

BSE:

♦ MD & CEO: Ashishkumar Chauhan.
♦ Headquarters: Mumbai.

Sports

Sports

BCCI covered under RTI Act, rules Central Information Commission

Central Information Commission ruled that the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is covered under the RTI Act and is answerable to the people of India.

About Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI):

♦ President – C K Khanna
♦ CEO – Rahul Johri
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai

Yuvraj Wadhwani lifts 25th Asian junior individual squash championship title in Chennai

Yuvraj Wadhwani won the 25th Asian junior individual squash championship title in Chennai.
Yuvraj Wadhwani defeated Pakistan’s Anas Ali Shah 13-11, 11-5, 6-11, 12-10 in the final and won gold medal.
Yuvraj Wadhwani has become the second Indian to win the Under-13 title after Veer Chotrani, who had won the title in Iran in 2014.

Rohit Sharma climbs to 2nd spot, Shikhar Dhawan to 5th in ICC ODI batsmen rankings

Rohit Sharma has improved two places and reached 2nd spot and Shikhar Dhawan has secured 5th position in the latest ICC (International Cricket Council) ODI Rankings for Batsmen.

About International Cricket Council (ICC):

♦ Chairman – Shashank Manohar
♦ CEO – David Richardson
♦ Headquarters – Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Australian midfielder Mile Jedinak announces retirement from international football

Australian midfielder Mile Jedinak announced his retirement from international football.

About Australia:
♦ Capital – Canberra
♦ Currency – Australian dollar
♦ Prime Minister – Scott Morrison

Miscellaneous

Awards & Honours

Nobel Medicine Prize 2018: James Allison, Tasaku Honjo honoured for ‘immune checkpoint’ cancer therapy

Nobel Prize committee presented the Nobel Medicine Prize 2018 award to 2 joint winners – James P Allison of US and Tasaku Honjo of Japan.

They received this prestigious award for their discovery of cancer therapy by “inhibition of negative immune regulation”.

About the nobel committee:

The Nobel Assembly, consisting of 50 professors at Karolinska Institutet, awards the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Its Nobel Committee evaluates the nominations.
Instituted: 1901.

Mahatma Gandhi to be posthumously awarded the US Congressional Gold Medal

US lawmakers have moved a resolution in the US House of Representatives to posthumously award the Congressional Gold Medal to Mahatma Gandhi for his contribution towards promotion of peace and non-violence.

 

Appointments

Ravi Venkatesan appointed UNICEF’s special representative

UNICEF has appointed Ravi Venkatesan has its special representative of young people.

UNICEF:

♦ Full Form: United Nations Children’s Fund.
♦ Executive Director: Henrietta H. Fore.
♦ Headquarters: New York, USA.
♦ Member: 190 countries.

India-born Harvard professor Gita Gopinath was appointed the chief economist of IMF (International Monetary fund)  appointed Gita Gopinath as its chief economist.

She is currently working as John Zwaanstra Professor of International Studies and Economics at Harvard University.
She is co-editor of the American Economic Review and co-director of the International Finance and Macroeconomics Program at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER).

IMF:

♦ Headquarters: Washington D.C., USA.
♦ MD: Christine Lagarde.

Rangachari Sridharan named chairperson of National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA)

Rangachari Sridharan was appointed the first chairperson of National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA).

OPPI re-elected A Vaidheesh as President for 2nd term

The Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI) re-elected A Vaidheesh as President for the second consecutive term.

Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI):
♦ Established in 1965.
♦ It represents the research-based pharmaceutical companies in India.

Air Marshal Harjit Singh Arora appointed as new SWAC chief

Air Marshal Harjit Singh Arora took over as the new Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-in-C) of the South Western Air Command of the Indian Air Force (IAF) in Gandhinagar .

Chief Of Air Staff: Air chief Marshall Birender Singh Dhanoa.
Chief of Naval Staff: Admiral Sunil Lanba.
Chief of Army Staff: General Bipin Rawat.

Russia’s World Cup hero Igor Akinfeev retires from international football

Russia goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev has announced his retirement from international football.

About Russia:
♦ Capital – Moscow
♦ Currency – Russian ruble
♦ Official language – Russian
♦ President – Vladimir Putin
♦ Prime Minister – Dmitry Medvedev

Important Days

International Coffee Day – October 1

International Coffee Day was celebrated throughout the world.
International Coffee Day:
i. When: In 2015, International Coffee Organization (ICO) launched the first official International Coffee Day.
ii. Why: This day celebrates the journey of the coffee bean from farm to mug. It also encourages coffee as a beverage.
iii. Theme: for International Coffee Day 2018 is “Women in Coffee”.

About International Coffee Organization (ICO):

♦ Executive Director – José Dauster Sette
♦ Location – London, England

International Day of Non-Violence – October 2

On 2nd October 2018, International Day of Non-Violence was observed throughout the world.

Key Points:
i. In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared October 2 as International Day of Non-Violence.
ii. October 2 is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of non-violence.
iii. This day aims to propagate non-violence through education and public awareness.

Gandhi Jayanti – October 2

Gandhi Jayanti was observed all over India, commemorating Mahatma Gandhi’s 149th birth anniversary.
Key Points:
i. Every year, Gandhi Jayanti is observed on 2nd October to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
ii. He was born in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was fondly called Bapu. He was a freedom fighter and a pioneer of non-violence. He led India’s independence movement against the British rule.
iii. October 2 is also observed as the International Day of Non-Violence by United Nations.
iv. On Gandhi Jayanti, India released commemorative stamps in Russia, Japan and Netherlands.
v. This day also marks the anniversary of the government cleanliness drive “Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan”.
vi. Indian government has announced a two-year celebration to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Thought of the Day

“Success comes  in CAN’s and not in CANT’s..!!”


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