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Shri Nitin Gadkari laid the Foundation Stone for various developmental projects in Uttar Pradesh

Union Minister for Shipping, Road Transport & Highways and Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation Shri Nitin Gadkari laid foundation stone for various development projects at Basti in Uttar Pradesh.

Ministry of Shipping:
♦ Union Minister: Shri Nitin Gadkari.
♦ Minister of State: Shri. P.  Radhakrishnan, Shri. M.L. Mandaviya.


‘2nd World Conference on Access to Medical Products: Achieving the SDGs 2030’ inaugurated by Shri J P Nadda

Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Shri J P Nadda inaugurated ‘2nd World Conference on Access to Medical Products: Achieving the SDGs 2030’ in New Delhi.

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare:

♦ Union Minister: Shri J P Nadda.
♦ Minister of State: Shri Ashwini Kumar Chaubey, Smt. Anupriya Patel.
♦ Secretary: Smt. Preeti Sudan


EAM Sushma Swaraj launched ‘India for Humanity’ initiative in New Delhi

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj launched ‘India for Humanity’ initiative in New Delhi.

About Bhagwan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti, BMVSS:
♦ Founded in 1975.
♦ Famous for: trademark limb Jaipur Foot.
♦ Till date it has served over 1.73 million amputees.
♦ Founder: DR Mehta.


10-member government panel set to probe e-commerce firms’ big discounts

The Corporate affairs ministry set up a 10-member panel to check on the discounts offered by the online retailers.

Ministry of Corporate Affairs:
♦ Union Minister : Arun Jaitley
♦ Minister Of state: P. P. Choudhury.


20-member Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority reconstituted by government

Centre reconstituted 20-member Environment Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority or the EPCA .
To tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region

About EPCA:
EPCA is Supreme Court mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region.


UNICEF & NASSCOM sign MoU to strengthen child rights

UNICEF and NASSCOM Foundation signed an MOU to strengthen child rights through meaningful business interventions.

To create awareness and use technology in the right way to protect children’s rights


SPG: key panel under NSA to assist National Security Council set up by government

Central government set up a Strategic Policy Group (SPG) headed by National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval to assist the National Security Council.
To advise on matters of national security and strategic interests.

National Security Council:
♦ Headquarters: New Delhi.
♦ Parent Organization: Prime Minister’s Office.


Country’s first 58-acre biofuel plant to be set up at Bargarh district of Odisha by BPCL

Governor of Odisha Prof Ganeshi Lal laid the foundation stone on country’s first 58-acre Second Generation (2G) Ethanol Bio-Refinery plant at Baulsingha village in Bargarh district of Odisha.
This was announced in the presence of Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan.

India has surplus biomass availability of about 160 MMT annually which if converted has the potential to yield 3000 crore litre of ethanol.

National Biofuel Policy 2018:

This policy aims 20 per cent ethanol blending to petrol by 2030 from the current 3% -4%.


♦ Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik.
♦ Governor: Prof. Ganeshi Lal.
♦ Lakes : Chilika Lake, Kanjia Lake, Anshupa Lake, Balimela Reservoir.
♦ Dams: Rengali Dam, Kala dam, Pitamahal Dam, Kansbahal Dam, Tikhali Dam, Deras Dam, Salia Dam, Ghodahada Dam, Kuanria Dam.
♦ Festivals: Kalinga Mahotsav, Chandan Yatra, Durga Puja, Konark Dance Festival, Rath Yatra, Deepabali, Kumar Purnima.


Headquarters: Mumbai.


Haryana govt to set up anti-terrorist force ‘kavach’

Chief Minister of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar announced the launch of an anti-terrorist force (ATF) called ‘Kavach’.

The force will comprise of specially trained recruits from the state police, to deal with security challenges.
For this, Haryana police recruits will be trained by the National Security Guard (NSG).
♦ Capital: Chandigarh.
♦ Chief Minister: Manohar Lal Khattar.
♦ Governor: Satyadev Narayan Arya.


Jharkhand, the partner state at Goa International Film Festival 2018

Jharkhand has announced to be the partner state in Goa International Film Festival 2018 which

The decision was taken in meeting between Secretary of Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Mr. Amit Khare and Chief Secretary of Jharkhand, Sudhir Tripathy at Ranchi.
It was also decided to organize Jharkhand Film Festival, under Indian Panorama, in two towns of Jharkhand in January 2019.


♦ Capital: Ranchi.
♦ Chief Minister: Raghubar Das.
♦ Governor: Draupadi Murmu.
♦ National Parks: Belta National Park.


2-day ‘Destination Uttarakhand Investors Summit 2018’ hosted by Uttarakhand for the first time

Uttarakhand hosted its first ever 2-day investor summit called- ‘Destination Uttarakhand Investors Summit 2018’.

The summit witnessed industrialists from ITC Limited, Reliance Industries Limited, Azure Power, Pawan Hans, Amul, Vardhman, and Hero MotoCorp.

Investors from Japan, Czech Republic, Argentina, Mauritius and Nepal also participated in the two-day summit.

♦ Chief Minister: Trivendra Singh Rawat
♦ Governor: Smt. Baby Rani Maurya.
♦ National Parks: Corbett National Park, Gangotri National Park, Govind National Park, Nanda Devi National Park, Rajaji National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park.




“Clear Sky 2018”: Ukraine launched large-scale air exercises with NATO countries

Ukraine along with United States and other NATO countries launched “Clear Sky 2018” war games, which will run until October 19, in western Ukraine.
To secure air sovereignty and promote peace and security.


Capital: Kiev.
Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia.



Banking & Finance

National Housing Bank increased refinancing limit towards eligible institutions

National Housing Bank announced increase of the Refinance limit to Rs.30,000 crore from the previous Rs. 24,000.

About National Housing Bank (NHB) :

Headquarters: New Delhi.

Promotes and regulates refinancing of promote Housing Finance Institutions.

Members: 97.

MD & CEO: Smt. Dakshita Das.


IMF predicted 7.3% growth rate for India in current fiscal year in its WEO report

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicted a growth rate of 7.3 per cent for India in the current year of 2018 and 7.4 per cent in 2019.

♦ Full Form: International Monetary Fund.
♦ Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
♦ MD: Christine Lagarde.




16-yr-old Saurabh wins India’s 2nd shooting gold at Youth Olympics

Indian shooter Saurabh Chaudhary won the men’s 10m Air Pistol event to bag India’s second shooting and overall third gold medal at 2018 Youth Olympic Games in Argentina’s Buenos Aires.

The 16-year-old shot a total score of 244.2 to finish first. Saurabh had also won gold medals at Asian Games and Junior ISSF World Championship this year


Former Chelsea, England defender John Terry retires

Former Chelsea and England captain John Terry has announced his retirement from football.

John Terry is 37 years old. He was a central defender. He has decided to take up a career in management following his retirement.



Awards & Recognition

Nobel Economics 2018 awarded to Americans William Nordhaus and Paul Romer

The Nobel Prize in Economics was jointly awarded to Americans William Nordhaus and Paul Romer for integrating climate change and technological innovation into the macroeconomic analysis.

About Nobel Prize in Economics:
♦ Prize money – 9 million Swedish crowns ($1 million)
♦ Established – 1968
♦ This prize was not part of the original group of 5 awards mentioned in Alfred Nobel’s 1895 will.


Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu presents “Ramineni Awards 2018”

Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu presented the ‘Ramineni Awards 2018’ in Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh.

About Ramineni Awards:

♦ Instituted by – Dr. Ramineni Foundation based in the US (established in 1995)
♦ Honours outstanding persons for their achievements in various fields


ESIC wins ‘ISSA Good Practice Award’ at the “Regional Social Security Forum for Asia and the Pacific”

Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) has won the ‘ISSA Good Practice Award’ for Administrative Solution for Coverage Extension at the “Regional Social Security Forum for Asia and the Pacific” held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia recently.

About ISSA (International Social Security Association):
♦ President – Joachim Breuer
♦ Founded – 1927
♦ Location – Geneva, Switzerland


Science & Technology

Scientists develop tiny spheres to trap water contaminants (bisphenol A)

Scientists of Rice University, US, have developed tiny spheres that can catch and destroy bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic chemical used to make plastics that contaminates water.

They have developed micron-sized spheres that look like flower-like collections of titanium dioxide petals. On its surface cyclodextrin is stored.

It has a hydrophobic (water-avoiding) cavity and a hydrophilic (water-attracting) outer surface.

BPA is hydrophobic and is attracted to the cavity. It is trapped and degraded to harmless chemicals through reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by the spheres.


British scientists create 3D-printed meals

British scientists have created 3D-printed meals for St Helen’s Primary School in Canning Town, London, to develop an interest in science subjects among students.

Scientists from the annual Big Bang Fair that promotes science, technology and maths (STEM) subjects worked with St Helen’s Primary School.

They created dishes like geometric fish and chips, cauliflower cogs and mathematical constant ‘Pi’ shaped pie, etc.


Important Days

World Mental Health Day – 10 October

On 10th October 2018, World Mental Health Day was observed all over the world.
Key Points:
i. When: In 1992, World Federation for Mental Health declared October 10 as the World Mental Health Day.
ii. Why: This day creates awareness on mental health issues and support needed for mental health.
iii. Theme: for World Mental Health Day 2018 is “Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World”.

About World Federation for Mental Health:

♦ President – Alberto Trimboli
♦ Location – Occoquan, Virginia, United States


Wild Life Week celebrations conclude at Delhi National Zoological Park

On 8th October 2018, the national program of Wild Life Week concluded at the National Zoological Park in New Delhi.
Key Points:
i. Wildlife Week is observed every year from October 2 to 8.Wildlife Week is celebrated since 1952.
ii. Minister of State of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Mahesh Sharma addressed the event.
iii. He also inaugurated a bio-methanation plant under an MoU between Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The capacity of plant will be 3 Metric Tonnes per day.
iv. He also planted a sapling in the premises of National Zoological Park. He performed a cleanliness drive under Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan along with children.

About Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC):

♦ Director – Mr. Kamlesh Nilkanth Vyas
♦ Headquarters – Mumbai


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